Frederic Henry Chase supposedly wrote a book to show the Old Syriac element in the text of the Codex Bezae. However, he dedicated this book to none other than Wescott and Hort.
Check out the dedication of the
“THE OLD SYRIAC ELEMENT IN THE TEXT OF CODEX BEZAE”
RIGHT REVEREND BROOKE FOSS WESTCOTT D.D.
LORD BISHOP OF DURHAM
THIS ESSAY IS DEDICATED
AS A SLIGHT EXPRESSION
OF GRATITUDE FOR THE INSPIRATION OF HIS TEACHING
AND AS A TRIBUTE
OF REVERENCE FOR THE MEMORY OF
HIS TWO FRIENDS AND FELLOW-WORKERS
WITH WHOM HIS OWN NAME IS EVER CONNECTED
This come from
By Adam Clark
OBSERVATIONS ON THE TEXT OF THE THREE DIVINE WITNESSES Accompanied with a plate containing two very facsimiles of 1 John chap y ver 7 8 and 9 they stand in the first edition of the New Testament printed at Complutum 1514 and in the Codex Montfortu a manuscript marked G 97 in library of Trinity College Dublin Ilovra doKt iaZcre to ku ov tartjtre 1 Thess v 2 1
The seventh verse of the fifth chapter of 1 John has given rise to more theological disputes than other portion of the sacred writings Advocates antagonists have arisen in every quarter of the world but the dispute has been principally to the Unitarians of all classes and those called Ortho 2 dox the former asserting that it is an interpolation and the latter contending that it is a part of the original text of St John It is asserted that one excepted which shall be noticed by and by all the Greek MSS written before the invention of printing omit the passage in dispute
How the seventh and eighth verses stand in these may be seen in the following view where the words included between brackets are those which are wanting in the MSS On rpeic tiaiv o fiaprvpowTtc lev iy mpavy 6 nan p 6 Xoyoc Kai to dyiov irvevfia nai ovrot ol rpeif hv eiai Kai rpeic eiotv oi fiaprvpovvrec ev to yt to irvcvpa tat to iSup xai to a tfia Kai ol rpeic etc to ev eioiv Of all the MSS yet discovered which contain this epistle amounting to one hundred and twelve three only two of which are of no authority have the text viz
The Codex Guelpherbytanus G which is demonstrably a MS of the seventeenth century for it contains the Latin translation of Beza written by the same hand and therefore of no use or importance in sacred criticism
The Codex Ravianus or Berolinensis which is a forgery and only a copy of the Greek text in the Complutensian Polyglot printed in 1514 and so close an imitation of it that it copies even its typographical errors hence and from the similarity of the letters it appears to have been forged that it might pass for the original MS from which the Complutensian text was taken In this MS some various readings are inserted from the margin of Stevens edition of 1550 3
The Codex Montfortii or Codex Dubliniensis cited by Erasmus under the title of Codex Britanni cus in Trinity College Dublin This may be said to be the only genuine MS which contains this text as no advocate of the sacred doctrine contained in the disputed passage would wish to lay any stress whatever on such evidence as the two preceding ones afford Michaelis roundly asserts vol iv page 417 of his Introductory Lectures that this MS was written after the year 1500 This I scruple not to affirm is a perfectly unguarded assertion and what no man can prove In 1790 I examined this MS myself and though I thought it to be comparatively modern yet 1 had no doubt that it existed before the invention of printing and was never written with an intention to deceive I am rather inclined to think it the work of an unknown bold critic who formed a text from one or more MSS in conjunction with the Vulgate and was by no means sparing of his own conjectural emendations for it contains many various readings which exist in no other MS yet discovered But how far the writer has in any place faithfully copied the text of any ancient MS is more than can be determined To give the reader a fair view of this subject I here subjoin what I hope I may call a perfect facsimile of the seventh and eighth verses as they exist in this MS copied by the accurate hand of the Rev Dr Barrett the present learned librarian of Trinity College
Codex Seidalianus (not entirely sure about this one)
7th and 8th Century
Codex Petropolitanus Purpuresus
Codex Guelferbytanus A
Codex Gualferbytanus B
The bible has many critics but few of them actually write books about it. James white said that in the book he wrote “The KJV Controversy” said that ”Every one of the papyrus manuscripts we have discovered has been a representative of the Alexandrian, not the Byzantine text type” . Funny though because how could he even know of a Byzantine text type if there were none?
The testimony of Dr. Scrivener who worked on the committee of the Revised Version of 1881: “It is no less true to fact than paradoxical in sound, that the worst corruptions to which the New Testament has ever been subjected, originated within a hundred years after it was composed; that Irenaeus and the African Fathers and the whole Western, with a portion of the Syriac church used far inferior manuscripts to those employed by Stunica, or Erasmus, or Stephen, thirteen centuries after, when molding the Textus Receptus…” Introduction to the New Testament by F.H.A. Scrivener.
By Charles Henry Timperley
satisfactorie for Paper Books in quarto are annexed 1616 4to See Brydge’s Centura Literaria 1616 It appears from the register of the stationers that among others the Decameron of Mr John Bocace Florentine was revoked by a sudden inhibition of Abbot archbishop of Canterbury Caprice and ignorance perhaps partiality seem to have had some share in this business of licensing books Warton 1616 March 9 Died Francis Beaumont a poet and dramatic writer of some eminence He was born in Leicestershire and educated at Cambridge from whence he removed to the Inner Temple He was buried in Westminster abbey John Fletcher was the son of Richard Fletcher bishop of London who died June 15 1596 He was born in 1576 received his education at Cambridge died of the plague at London August 29 1625 and was buried in St Saviour’s church Southwark The principal piece of his own writing is a dramatic pastoral entitled the Faithful Shepherdess Beaumont and Fletcher agreed to write plays in company and fifty two dramatic compositions tragic and comic appear under their joint names and only one or two out of that number are ascertained to have been written by either without assistance with his coadjutor It is understood however that Fletcher notwithstanding his being the older man was chiefly employed in the business of imagining and writing the plays while Beaumont had the task of chastening down and regulating the exuberant fancy of his senior The following extract relating to books is taken from one of their plays Give me Leave to enjoy myself That place that does Contain my books the best companions is To me a glorious court where hourly I Converse with the old sa es and philosophers And sometimes for variety I confer With kings and emperors and weigh their counsels Calling their victories if unjustly got Unto a strict account and in my fancy Deface their ill placed statues Can 1 then Part with such constant pleasures to embrace Uncertain vanities No be it your care To augment a heap of wealth it shall be mine To increase in knowledge 1616 March 16 The company of stationers obtained a renewal of their charter for the sole printing of Primers Psalters both in metre and prose with or without musical notes Almanacks Sec in the English tongue and the ABC with the Little Catechism and the Catechism in English and Latin &c by Alexander Nowell 1616 Died Louis Elzevir of Ley den in Holland the founder of one of the most learned family of printers that ever adojpned the republic of letters Out of the twelve printers of this family who exercised the art in this century seven have distinguished themselves by the number and beauty of their editions viz Louis above named printed at Leyden from 1595 to 1616 He was succeeded by Isaac who exercised the art at Leyden from 1617 to 1628 Bonaventure and Abraham Elzevir brothers and partners printed at Leyden from 1626 to 1652 in which year they died To them we owe the pretty 12mo editions of the classics and the collection of authors who have written the histories of almost every state in the world which collection is sometimes added to the collection of classics John the son of Abraham Elzevir printed in partnership with Daniel at Leyden in 1662 1623 and 1624 and afterwards alone from 1653 to 1661 Louis II the son of Isaac printed at Amsterdam alone from 1640 to 1655 and from that year in partnership with Daniel until July 1662 when the former died Daniel the son of Bonaventure having printed first at Leyden in partnership with John from 1652 to 1654 and afterwards at Amsterdam in partnership with Louis from 1655 to 1662 continued to carry on business alone from the last mentioned year until his death September 13 1689 His widow printed only a short time longer A catalogue of the Greek Latin and French authors executed by this learned family of printers in 12mo is given by Mr Home in his Introduction to the Study of Bibliography p Ixxxii appendix M Brunet has given a copious list of editions printed in a small size by the Elzevirs See his Manuel du Libraire torn iii pp 372 377 The Elzevir editions have long and deservedly been esteemed for the clearness delicacy and perfect equality of the characters for their close position together on a solid and very white paper and the excellence of the press work Their Virgil Terence and Greek Testament have been reckoned their master pieces and are indeed so very fine that they justly gained them the reputation of being the first printers in Europe Their types were so elegant that their name has been given to all beautiful letter ever since It would have been very wonderful if the encouragement which the art of printing received from the great and learned should not have induced some persons whose ignorance and avarice would not permit them to aim at that degree of perfection which they saw others arrive at to engage in base methods of enjoying the fruits of their ingenuity and diligence without the trouble of imitating them in their industry for as soon as a curious or reputed correct edition was published with prodigious expense and labour some of these rapacious characters immediately printed another after it and carefully copying titles and other distinctive marks with a proper degree of accuracy easily imposed their fictitious editions upon unwary but economical people for genuine copies This shows the necessity also of accurate descriptions of scarce books for fraudulent editions are of all countries and none have experienced greater injury in this respect than the printers of pocket
A document i made last year but still need to finish it.
Here is a weird fact. The American bible society was founded by William Colgate in 1816. In case you didnt know that is the same guy that owned the Colgate company, also founded by him.
We already dealt with the fact that Bruce Metzger called Job folktale and the Old Testament a myth but the ultimate rip off for me is this part in the part “How to read the Bible with understanding”.
“The opening chapters of the Old Testament deal with human origins. They are not to be read as history … These chapters are followed by the stories of the patriarchs, which preserve ancient traditions now known to reflect the conditions of the times of which they tell, though they cannot be treated as strictly historical. … it is not for history but for religion that they are preserved … When we come to the books of Samuel and Kings … Not all in these books is of the same historical value, and especially in the stories of Elijah and Elisha there are legendary elements. … We should always remember the variety of literary forms found in the Bible, and should read a passage in the light of its own particular literary character. Legend should be read as legend, and poetry as poetry, and not with a dull prosaic and literalistic mind.”
The only thing this does and i guess is the entire purpose of is cast doubt in the mind of believers. What else does he achieve with that he said above?
Bruce Metzger who also was on the American Bible society called the book of Job “folktale”. Obviously he did not believe the bible. In the notes on Job in the New Oxford Annotated bible there is a note:
“The ancient folktale of a patient Job (1.1-2.13; 42.7-17; Jas. 5.11) circulated orally among oriental sages in the second millennium B.C. and was probably written down in Hebrew at the time of David and Solomon or a century later (about 1000-800 B.C.).”
It is clear that Bruce Metzger should never of written most of what he did because he would of saved himself a lot of issues.
In the New Oxford Annotated Bible RSV of 1973 Bruce Metzger and his co-editor wrote:
“The Old Testament may be described as the literary expression of the religious life of ancient Israel. … The Israelites were more history-conscious than any other people in the ancient world. Probably as early as the time of David and Solomon, out of a matrix of myth, legend, and history, there had appeared the earliest written form of the story of the saving acts of God from Creation to the conquest of the Promised Land, an account which later in modified form became a part of Scripture. But it was to be a long time before the idea of Scripture arose and the Old Testament took its present form. … The process by which the Jews became ‘the people of the Book’ was gradual, and the development is shrouded in the mists of history and tradition. … The date of the final compilation of the Pentateuch or Law, which was the first corpus or larger body of literature that came to be regarded by the Jews as authoritative Scripture, is uncertain, although some have conservatively dated it at the time of the Exile in the sixth century. … Before the adoption of the Pentateuch as the Law of Moses, there had been compiled and edited in the spirit and diction of the Deuteronomic ‘school’ the group of books consisting of Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings, in much their present form. … Thus the Pentateuch took shape over a long period of time.”
You might of heard that the same people that own the copyrights to the NIV (New International Version) also holds the copyright to the satanic bible? Well that is true. Indirectly owned however. Rupert Murdoch, yes the same Rupert Murdoch that received “knighthood” from Los Angeles Cardinal Roger Mahony mostly owns Newscorp, which in turn owns both HarperRowCollins that bought Zondervan in 1988 and owns Avon Publishers that publish the satanic bible.
So its true, Newscorp indirectly publishes both the satanic bible and the NIV.
This is probably the one piece of paper or scripture that has caused a lot of arguments in the last 200 or even more years. This is a cleaned up version of the original Comma Johanneum.