Congratulations on your RFID chip. New healthcare bill will force you to get RFID

Washington, USA – The New Healthcare bill they want to sign into law in the US contains some interesting information. According to the bill there will be required to:

Washington, USA – The New Healthcare bill they want to sign into law in the US contains some interesting information. According to the bill there will be required to:

“The Secretary shall establish a national medical device registry (in this subsection referred to as the ‘registry’) to facilitate analysis of postmarket safety and outcomes data on each device that—‘‘(A) is or has been used in or on a patient; and ‘‘(B) is a class III device; or ‘‘(ii) a class II device that is implantable.”

This could be that the US is the first nation in the world to require all citizens to where a “device that is implantable”

Interesting things are happening on that side of the world, it turns out Obama is bringing some change. Not exactly change you want to believe in though.

(Please note. We think it could just mean things like: pacemakers, spinal cord stimulators or such so take that in consideration when reading this.) You decide.

Does Barack Obama have shares in Baxter

The President of the United States, Barack Obama has shares in Baxter, the company

The President of the United States, Barack Obama has shares in Baxter, the company many say is responsible for the h1n1 swine flu pandemic. Back 2005 Barack Obama bought $50,000 worth of stock in two companies.

Right after he bought the shares also in 2005 Barack Obama (still a senator at that time) introduced the first comprehensive bill to address the threat of avian influenza pandemic. AVIAN Act (S. 969)

Then it makes it even more interesting that over $60 million dollars was awarded for a vaccine against the bird flu (2007) that at the time did not mutate till afterwards.

The guy sure knows his planning, I guess that is change you can believe in. From investor to President.

Airplanes sprayed mysterious substance over Ukraine days before pneumonic plague outbreak

Kiev, Ukraine – Authorities in the town of Kiev, Ukraine denied any spraying of "aerosolized medication" by aircraft over the city.

Kiev, Ukraine – Authorities in the town of Kiev, Ukraine denied any spraying of "aerosolized medication" by aircraft over the city. This after it was reported that light aircrafts were seen flying over the forest market area that sprayed a aerosol substance to fight h1n1 or swine flu.

5 Sources confirms this and the local newspapers of Kiev also received hundreds of phone calls from residents and business owners close to the area the planes were spraying the suspicious substance. Not only that but local businesses and retailers were "advised" to stay indoors during the day by the local authorities.

As if that is not enough, the government authorities also pushed the radio stations in Kiev to deny the reports. Online on forums, websites and blogs reports came in about eye witness accounts that confirms this. There was also reports of helicopters spraying aerosols over Kiev, Lviv, Ternopil and throughout Ukraine.

30th October the Ukraine president Viktor Yushchenko ordered the army or Ministry of Defense to establish mobile hostpitals to provide “essential medications” for people infected with h1n1 (swine flu).

Then just recently the entire Ukraine was put under martial law, more shocking is the statement before the serious pneumonic plague broke out “Due to the complex epidemiological situation in the western regions of Ukraine, where tens of thousands of people have become ill, thousands are in hospital, and dozens have died.”

 

(Please note that this included picture is not the actual airplane)
 

Storm in Gordons Bay – photos by Nastassja Harvey

The Cape Town storm of last night that actually turned into a hurricane left parts of Gordons Bay in havoc as well.

The Cape Town storm of last night that actually turned into a hurricane left parts of Gordons Bay in havoc as well. Nastassja Harvey sent us these pictures of a roof that got twisted around a tree in Gordons Bay. This happened at 3am in the morning and must of woken up the entire neighbourhood.

The roof actually fell onto the house as well as you can see in these photos. Strong winds continued until late Monday morning but have now slowed down a bit.

Thanks Nastassja

 

Israel defence force Did More to Safeguard Civilians Than Any Army in History of Warfare

 

Thank you, Mr. President,

 

(who wrote this?)

Thank you, Mr. President,

I am the former commander of the British forces in Afghanistan. I served with NATO and the United Nations; commanded troops in Northern Ireland, Bosnia and Macedonia; and participated in the Gulf War. I spent considerable time in Iraq since the 2003 invasion, and worked on international terrorism for the UK Government’s Joint Intelligence Committee.

Mr. President, based on my knowledge and experience, I can say this: During Operation Cast Lead, the Israeli Defense Forces did more to safeguard the rights of civilians in a combat zone than any other army in the history of warfare.

Israel did so while facing an enemy that deliberately positioned its military capability behind the human shield of the civilian population.

Hamas, like Hizballah, are expert at driving the media agenda. Both will always have people ready to give interviews condemning Israeli forces for war crimes. They are adept at staging and distorting incidents.

The IDF faces a challenge that we British do not have to face to the same extent. It is the automatic, Pavlovian presumption by many in the international media, and international human rights groups, that the IDF are in the wrong, that they are abusing human rights.

The truth is that the IDF took extraordinary measures to give Gaza civilians notice of targeted areas, dropping over 2 million leaflets, and making over 100,000 phone calls. Many missions that could have taken out Hamas military capability were aborted to prevent civilian casualties. During the conflict, the IDF allowed huge amounts of humanitarian aid into Gaza. To deliver aid virtually into your enemy’s hands is, to the military tactician, normally quite unthinkable. But the IDF took on those risks.

Despite all of this, of course innocent civilians were killed. War is chaos and full of mistakes. There have been mistakes by the British, American and other forces in Afghanistan and in Iraq, many of which can be put down to human error. But mistakes are not war crimes.

More than anything, the civilian casualties were a consequence of Hamas’ way of fighting. Hamas deliberately tried to sacrifice their own civilians.

Mr. President, Israel had no choice apart from defending its people, to stop Hamas from attacking them with rockets.

And I say this again: the IDF did more to safeguard the rights of civilians in a combat zone than any other army in the history of warfare.

Thank you, Mr. President.

The South Africa crime statistics 2009 is fake, doctored, manipulated

The DA has a striking report about the crime statistics that got doctored in Mountain Rise where the POLICE GOT CAUGHT MANIPULATING the crime stats.

The DA has a striking report about the crime statistics that got doctored in Mountain Rise where the POLICE GOT CAUGHT MANIPULATING the crime stats.

We cant trust the official crime statistics that came out, neither can we now believe that the murder rate has gone down.

The Democratic Alliance has learned that seven of the top SAPS officials at the Mountain Rise police station in KwaZulu-Natal, were given notice of a disciplinary hearing late yesterday for manipulating crime statistics. This followed immediately after an oral debate in the National Assembly yesterday, during which I took the Minister to task on this issue.

What is of concern, though, is that we have received further information that the acting provincial commissioner has apparently ‘guaranteed’ these SAPS members that they will not be suspended. If this is the case, this is entirely unacceptable, and probably unlawful. I will thus submit parliamentary questions right away to get to the truth.

The Independent Complaints Directorate (ICD) descended on the station on November 13, 2008, and found evidence that crime statistics from this station had been manipulated. They found 170 unregistered dockets hidden in a room, containing cases ranging from fraud to vehicle theft. The ICD recommended that the appropriate action be taken against the Station Commander as, “he should take responsibility for the actions of his members”.  Months later, nothing had been done.

As a consequence, in yesterday’s oral question session with Minister Mthethwa, I asked why the ICD recommendations had not been followed at this Police Station. I also asked why no action had been taken against those that had allegedly been involved in fraud, while the whistleblower had been suspended without pay. The whistleblower had to go to extraordinary lengths to have his salary reinstated. He was refused SAPS legal representation and had to seek a high court ruling to have his case heard.

Meanwhile, according to our information, the officials facing sanctions are receiving advice from SAPS legal services.

This manipulation of statistics led Mountain Rise police station to move from 40 out of 184 stations to the number one station in KwaZulu-Natal, owing to the reduction in crime. It was also reported that the station received a R500 000 bonus for being the top station in the province.

Serious questions will still need to be asked whether these members will be suspended should they be found guilty. In particular, we need to establish whether the acting provincial commissioner is indeed protecting these officials; whether the R500 000 allegedly paid to the station will be returned; and how it could possibly be appropriate for these officials to be receiving legal assistance from the SAPS legal services division, even while the whistleblower was refused such assistance.

HP Unveils New Multitouch PCs and Display

Building upon its nearly 30-year history of touch innovation, HP today launched the next era of multitouch computing for consumers and businesses.

Building upon its nearly 30-year history of touch innovation, HP today launched the next era of multitouch computing for consumers and businesses.

Among the new products, HP introduced three touch-enabled HP TouchSmart PCs and its first fully interactive, 42-inch diagonal, high-definition (HD) digital signage touch display, the HP LD4200tm.

“Since the launch of the first TouchSmart PC nearly three years ago, we’ve worked closely with a growing number of software companies and independent vendors to develop built-for-touch applications that give consumers and businesses rich interactive multimedia experiences,” said James Mouton, senior vice president and general manager, Desktop Global Business Unit, Personal Systems Group, HP. “These collaborations have helped to make HP touch computing the most advanced touch experience in the market today.”

New consumer HP TouchSmart PCs packed with exclusive touch applications

HP now offers a choice of 20- or 23-inch diagonal widescreen consumer HP TouchSmart PCs – the HP TouchSmart 300 and HP TouchSmart 600. Each features a sleek, award-winning design that integrates either a stunning HD-capable or HD widescreen display with a multitouch enabled screen.

Users can simply pinch, rotate, arc, flip, press or drag a finger across the screen of the PC to access information, entertainment and social networks in a natural, intuitive way. Though accompanied by a wireless keyboard and mouse, new 16:9 widescreen tiles make multimedia, social media and other applications a rich and engaging touch experience.

The new consumer HP TouchSmart PCs feature exclusive built-for-touch applications(1) including:

  • Hulu Desktop to provide quick access to Hulu’s vast library of hit TV shows, movies and video clips. Users can browse, search and watch their favorite comedies, dramas, sci-fi and web-original shows from nearly 200 leading content companies. Users with Hulu.com accounts also can access their queue, subscriptions and viewing history.
  • A touch-enabled Netflix application delivers thousands of full-screen TV episodes and movies that are streamed from Netflix over the Internet. Using HP’s signature fan view, Netflix members can instantly watch a move from their Instant Queue on the PC or remove a movie from their Queue via touch. Netflix members also can rent DVD and Blu-ray discs as well as edit and manage their Netflix accounts using the application. A two-week free Netflix trial is available to all TouchSmart users in the United States.
  • Twitter, a free social networking and micro-blogging service, makes it easy to catch up with family, friends and colleagues with the touch of a finger.
  • With Rhapsody as the engine, the new HP Music Store gives users streaming, on-demand access to 8 million songs delivered to the new TouchSmart PC. Customers who subscribe to Rhapsody can enjoy favorite artists, create playlists or just sit back and listen. Non-members can enjoy a free 14-day trial.
  • Pandora Internet radio is now touch enabled for a free personalized music experience to find new music based on old and current favorites.
  •  TouchSmart RecipeBox lets aspiring chefs discover, explore and keep track of recipes saved from multiple websites and cook with a hands-free experience via voice commands.
  • TouchSmart Live TV allows quick access for watching and recording live, local TV. Customers can set recordings in advance of their airing via an electronic programming guide.
  • TouchSmart Canvas allows customers to organize their photos on a virtual canvas to quickly and easily create photo collages using touch to edit and rotate photos.
  • TouchSmart Link allows the transfer of photos and images taken by a mobile device to the TouchSmart PC via Bluetooth® wireless technology.

Customers with previous TouchSmart PC models who upgrade to Windows 7 through the HP Windows 7 Upgrade Option Program will receive software with some of these new touch applications.

A new swivel stand and tilt webcam(1) increase users’ ability to share and collaborate around the HP TouchSmart, which also can easily be wall mounted (with optional wall bracket accessory). All models meet ENERGY STAR® 5.0 requirements.

Some models of the HP TouchSmart 600 easily connect to gaming consoles, including Xbox, PlayStation and Wii, via HDMI or composite video ports.

World’s first multitouch consumer notebooks now better than ever

For those whose active lives demand a device for note capture, entertainment, communication and robust computing that’s easy to carry, the HP TouchSmart tx2 notebook PC delivers. The HP TouchSmart tx2 combines powerful computing with tablet PC capabilities and entertainment features in an attractive design light enough to go anywhere.

With multitouch support within HP MediaSmart, the HP TouchSmart tx2 is the first notebook PC for consumers that enables the use of two fingers to navigate HP’s entertainment applications. The HP TouchSmart tx2 features most of the same touch applications as the HP TouchSmart PC as well as exclusive touch-enabled games and Corel® Painter Sketch Pad for creating digital art.

The HP TouchSmart tx2 weighs 4.65 pounds,(2) features a 12.1-inch diagonal WGXA HD HP LED widescreen integrated touch-screen convertible display, AMD Turion™ dual-core processors(3) and a glossy HP Imprint finish with titanium color “Reaction” pattern.

The convertible design with a twist hinge allows consumers to enjoy the HP TouchSmart tx2 in three modes: PC, display and tablet. With a rechargeable digital ink pen, users can turn the HP TouchSmart tx2 into a tablet PC to write, sketch, draw, take notes or graph right onto the screen – and then automatically convert handwriting into typed text.

Business HP TouchSmart drives new customer interactions, business models

The industry’s only full-featured, all-in-one, multitouch-enabled business PC, the HP TouchSmart 9100 Business PC provides real-time information, videoconferencing capabilities(4) and multimedia features in a 23-inch diagonal full HD(5) widescreen display.

The HP business TouchSmart is enabling a more interactive, compelling customer experience at businesses such as bridal retailer Priscilla of Boston for luxury dress concierge service, St. Louis Oncology for medical filing, the NBA’s Detroit Pistons for instant replays and food, and hotels such as Sheraton and Marriott to provide enhanced customer lobby experiences.

New business models are emerging with the HP TouchSmart 9100. Digital Aisle, an interactive shopper solutions company, is bringing “virtual sales assistants” to life using HP’s interactive touch screens. The Digital Aisle’s Virtual Bartender uses HP TouchSmart technology to help people plan parties, print and email recipes, and learn expert bartending tips. This interactive point-of-purchase tool has been deployed to independent and chain retailers across the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico.

An array of new enhancements on the HP TouchSmart 9100 include:

  • DVI output, enabling customers to connect to their full HD format displays and projectors
  • Configure-to-order options designed to meet the needs of businesses, including a choice of genuine Microsoft Windows® 7 32-bit or 64-bit operating system,(6) processors, optical drives, hard drives, solid state drives, Kensington locks, HP Protect Tools and HP BIOS to enable USB ports and SATA device lock down, and retasking of button controls for custom kiosk configurations
  • Optional wall mount adapter attaches the HP TouchSmart to a VESA wall mount or a VESA-compatible articulating arm
  • U.S. Trade Agreements Act (TAA) compliant – HP TouchSmart 9100 configure-to-order units comply with TAA requirements(7)
  • Premium performance with a powerful Intel® Core™2 Duo processor,(8) Genuine Windows 7 Professional, up to eight gigabytes (GB) of memory,(9) up to a 500 GB hard drive or an optional 64 GB solid state drive,(10) and a trial version of Microsoft® Office(11)
  • NVIDIA GeForce G200 integrated graphics or upgrade to NVIDIA GeForce GT230 discrete graphics using the Mobile Express Module (MXM) graphics slot
  • New standard onsite warranty providing next-day(12) business servicing
  • FireWire® output for quick and easy transfer of digital files, photos and videos from a wide variety of IEEE94-compatible peripheral devices
  • Optional wireless keyboard and mouse
  • Optional Blu-ray combo optical(13) disk drive

The HP TouchSmart for business is a space- and energy-saving portal for businesses. Its ENERGY STAR qualified and EPEAT® Silver registered design uses 55 percent less metal and 37 percent less plastic than standard PCs and monitors. With the easy-to-use HP Power Manager tool, companies also can configure their individual PC power settings to save energy without interfering with the PC’s ability to perform.

Businesses shine with HP’s first fully interactive, 42-inch, HD digital signage display

The HP LD4200tm is a 42-inch diagonal, sleek black digital signage built to fit in trendy indoor environments, such as kiosks, retail, point of sale, shopping malls, travel terminals, hotel lobbies, recreational venues, universities, stock exchanges and hospitals.

It features infrared technology, which recognizes multitouch gestures for onscreen interaction in 1,920 x 1,080 full HD native resolution to provide stunning views of video, graphics or text in both bright and dim lighting. In addition, an ultra-wide 178 x 178 degree viewing angle enables observation from almost any angle and, unlike TV screens, the HP LD4200tm is built to run 24/7 with low power usage while maintaining longevity. It also comes with a standard three-year limited warranty.

The Halaal scam in South Africa

More than 80% of all SA supermarket items are halaal – yet there are only 500,000 Muslims in South Africa… exactly what is behind this?

More than 80% of all SA supermarket items are halaal – yet there are only 500,000 Muslims in South Africa… exactly what is behind this? Rainbow Chicken’s ad above proclaims that they are 100% Halaal. Many other large food-producers such as General Foods and Unilever also are forcing the public to pay hidden surcharges with their Halaal-certified foods – and a whopping 80% of all SA consumers purchase halaal foods without ever knowing it because there are no other alternatives in the supermarkets. These hidden Halaal-certification surcharges in their food are another added burden for the tens of millions of poor people in SA who already cannot afford to buy more than one meal a week due to the soaring food-prices…

These warnings above against the ‘Halaal Pyramid Scheme’ were issued by South African resident Andre van Zyl — who has launched a campaign on Facebook, warning that a whopping 80% of  all South Africans now are unwittingly “forced to buy halaal products because they have no choice, there are no alternative products”. Yet the country only has half-a-million Muslims… http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=22066690454

$580-billion a year earned with Halaal certification bodies worldwide:

It’s a huge cash-earner for the international muslim community: these hidden surcharges consumers pay for when they unknowingly purchase halaal-goods, go straight into the coffers of four local halaal certification bodies in South Africa – and who in turn form part of a huge international network which earns $580-billion a year worldwide, he warns. “It’s just a ‘cleverly-cloaked pyramid scheme, fleecing the consumer who is forced to buy halaal – and thus also pays the hidden surcharges for the certification’.

Van Zyl launched a Facebook activist-website called “Hoodwinked by Halaal.’ and warns only about the practice in South Africa. However South African-produced Halaal food is also exported to Middle-Eastern countries to sell to its many expats, despite the fact that many millions of local residents are suffering from growing malnutrition problems due to the soaring food prices.

Not a rage against Muslims – just against the Halaal scheme…

However – his warnings are not  a rage against South Africa’s 500-thousand Muslim minority – but instead he’s alerting all the country’s residents to the manner in which “halaal” is implemented in SA. It’s ‘just a cleverly cloaked pyramid scheme’, warns Van Zyl, writing:

“it’s  exploitative, dishonest, and an outright scam – just a ‘cleverly cloaked pyramid scheme… It fleeces the consumer who is forced to buy halaal because he doesn’t have a choice, and 98.5% of the time he is not even a Muslim…”
Challenge to halaal certification bodies:

And he extends a challenge to the halaal certification bodies, the food manufacturers, and the major supermarkets to disprove his statement.

Intravenous halaal, halaal clothing, halaal vaccine for meningitis…

But wait – there’s even more on the horizon, he warns: “As if swallowing the halaal hoax is not hard enough, we may soon be taking halaal intravenously and also wearing halaal. Cuba and Malaysia are presently working on producing a halaal vaccine for meningitis, which will undoubtedly be exported to SA. “

“South Africans are hoodwinked daily by the ingenious halaal hoax. You ask, “How am I being ripped off?” Well, like other South Africans, every time you buy a halaal product, you unknowingly pay a surcharge that goes into the bank account of a halaal certification body. The halaal surcharge accumulates into millions of rands every year. Khairy Jamalludin, chairman of the World Halaal Forum says that globally, the halaal industry is estimated at $580 billion per year. The people that run the certification bodies have become fat-cats with your hard-earned money,’ writes Van Zyl.

“And… since more than 80% of items on supermarket shelves are halaal, almost every consumer is an unwitting victim of this practice (from a survey of 20 basic food items conducted at national stores).

Four halaal certification bodies – and business is brisk:
“Have you noticed that almost anything you buy these days, from meat products to toothpicks, is halaal?” he asks.  Non-halaal alternatives are becoming non-existent. Halaal products usually bear a moon and star symbol or something similar together with “SANHA”, or “MJC”, or “NIHT”, or “ICSA”. The abbreviations stand for the names of the halaal certification bodies in SA.
“The fact that there are 4 bodies instead of one is evidence that the halaal hoax is lucrative.” Please read on.
Supermarkets, food-producers forced to pay for halaal-certification:

How does the scheme operate? He writes:  “Companies are pressurised by the halaal bodies to pay tens of thousands of Rands for a piece of paper that says they are halaal certified.  And these are giant food-producers who dominate the market in South Africa, such as:

Rainbow Chicken, for example, pays over R320,000 a year for certification for its KZN operation alone…

Unilever pays over R65,000 for its Durban plants – its Pieman brands all are halaal.

General Mills –  the world’s sixth-largest food company – recently also was ‘ pleased to announce that three of its major retail brands in South Africa – Pillsbury, Häagen-Dazs, Nature Valley Granola Bars – are Halaal certified.” Other GM products in SA: Old El Paso brand; Frescarini Pizza; Big T Burgers; Premium Double-Beef Burgers.

Picture: For instance, every time the SA consumer buys General Mills Piemans’ meat pies and rolls in supermarkets such as Pick’n Pay they also pay for the hidden surcharges of the halaal-certification which the food-giant purchases for most of its South African products – even though the country, pop. 47-million, only has 500,000 muslims all told. Thus many South African consumers unknowingly are forced to buy halaal products because these giant food-companies are market-leaders, writes Van Zyl.Many Christians point out that there are clear, consistent warnings in the Bible ‘not to eat animals that have been offered to any god.’ Whenever Halaal animals are slaughtered or halaal-food is prepared however, prayers are chanted to Allah.

—————————————————————————————-

“These huge amounts of money paid for Halaal certificates are not a problem for the companies because they simply include them in the cost of the product and it is passed on to the end consumer, i.e.. you and I, “ writes Van Zyl.

“That means everytime you fill your trolley, unbeknown to you, a significant portion of your bill consists of the halaal surcharges.
“Companies say they pay these large halaal certification fees in order ‘to penetrate the Muslim market”. Van Zyl dismisses this as ‘hogwash’ – pointing out that the total Muslim population in SA is only slightly over half a million, the majority of whom are women and children that are not economically active.”

“So who do you think is paying off the hefty halaal tab? Mostly the other 47.5 million non-muslim South Africans”.
“What is halaal? Who are these bodies? What are the Islamic authorities saying about all of this? What happens to all this money and what is the government doing about this? How do other religions view this practice?

“Halaal is a Sharia Law requirement of Islam. Koranic law requires that animals for consumption are made to face the Ka’aba (a shrine in Mecca where there is a black stone) and slaughtered in the name of Allah.
“Non-meat products must be free from pork or alcohol. The irony is that pork-eating, wine-drinking non-muslims (called “q’afirs” in the Koran) handle the carcasses at the abattoirs and you will find pork and halaal side by side in all the major supermarkets like Pic ‘n Pay, Checkers, etc..
“The fact is, very few Muslims actually shop at these stores. They usually support Muslim-owned stores even if the price is higher or the quality inferior,”  notes van Zyl.

The height of hypocrisy is that over 98% of shoppers at the major food stores that stock mostly halaal are non-muslims that are forced to pay the halaal surcharge because of a lack of non-halaal alternatives. The many tens of millions of poor South Africans that live below the breadline have no choice but to pay the halaal surcharge…

Ex-politicians run Halaal-councils – although not mandated by Islamic theologians:

“The halaal certification bodies are privately run organisations even though they may be registered as Non-Profit-Organisations – and the competition between is fierce because of the huge profits which are generated.

“There is bitter rivalry amongst the halaal bodies because each wants a bigger piece of the pie. They are not mandated by the Muslim population and generally do not have the support of the Islamic theological authorities (ulamas).
“In fact, many of the ulamas have distanced themselves from the certification bodies, stating that their practices are grossly unscrupulous and they have called on the Ummah (Muslims) to boycott products that have been certified by these charlatans.,” writes Van Zyl.

“The revenue from halaal is used to pay fat salaries to the directors of the halaal bodies, to create employment for Muslims only, to propagate Islam, to advance Islamic political causes both locally and abroad,’ he writes.

“Ninety-eight percent of unwary South Africans are forced, through any lack of alternatives, to financially support this religious requirement of Islam — which Muslims themselves are called upon by some of their spiritual leaders… to boycott.
Halaal does harm the consumer:

The government’s lame view is that halaal “does not harm the consumer”. The Department of Trade and Industry misses the point completely that there is a surcharge involved and therefore halaal certification is a financial business that must be regulated – it is NOT just a religious matter, he warns.

“Nominal Christians do not really have a problem with halaal from a religious perspective. Others say, however, there are clear and consistent warnings in the Bible not to eat animals that have been offered to any other god… Hindus do not have a religious problem with halaal since, they say, all gods are one.

Many are offended, however, by the economic exploitation.
“Jews have a similar food-production practices to Muslims, which they call “kosher” but they will not eat each other’s foods. Kosher is, however, practiced on a much smaller scale and it does not restrict consumer choices or affect prices significantly.

“Muslims have the right, in terms of the SA constitution, to practice their religion and to eat halaal if they so wish. The constitution does not, however, allow any religion to impose its laws on others, as in the case of halaal (Muslims are, after all, a very small minority, yet every household in SA consumes halaal).

“No matter what your religious persuasion, you are a victim of the halaal scam. The per unit surcharge for halaal may be small but it adds up to millions of rands that adversely affects consumer prices and, subsequently, your pocket. “

What You Can Do:

1. Awareness is the first step. Most people don’t know they are being exploited. Tell others about this scam.

2. Purchase non-halaal products and support stores that supply non-halaal products. (This will be difficult because most products are halaal).

3. Write a letter to the Editor of your local newspaper and expose how consumers are being exploited through the halaal scam. http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=22066690454

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Expats in Middle East even eat SA halaal without knowing it…

Our own brief research also shows that South African Halaal products are also exported to the Middle-East  – from a country where most of its population no longer can afford to buy more than one meal a week and more and more children are brought into hospitals suffering from advanced stages of malnutrion.

In fact the KwaZulu provincial government’s  taxpayer-funded Trade & Investment KZN, in association with the South African Halaal Export Forum, even jointly hosted the first export workshop on accessing the Middle East market with South African halaal food products.

The Halaal Export Seminar, which was held at the Balmoral Hotel, Durban on Tuesday 10 June 2008. Topics covered included international banking, freight logistics, international trade, incoterms, understanding the global halaal market and a market overview of the Middle East.

And look who else jumped on this bandwagon: papers at the workshop also were delivered by experts from Deneys Reitz Attorneys, Hellmann Logistics and Nedbank in their respective fields. Click here on background for banking with the Middle-East. ‘This workshop actively promoted KwaZulu-Natal as an effective supplier of halaal-standard food and beverages; provided assistance to the relevant and appropriate emerging export companies and persons; presented product possibilities that have joint venture and partnership possibilities; and acquired firsthand information on potential South African halaal food exporters,’ said Zamo Gwala, CEO of Trade & Investment KZN.
The workshop’s promoters wrote: “The food and agricultural industries in the UAE are fairly underdeveloped, and the UAE relies heavily on imports. The broad-ranging consumer trends in the Middle East region include a greater demand for convenience foods, the rise of private labelling and the general population growth. The influx of expatriates has led to a change in eating habits and increasing sophistication in tastes as people become more international and cosmopolitan in their eating habits. The rising South African population in the UAE also indicates a rise in demand for recognised South African brands and an opportunity for South African companies to enter the market.”For more information contact Perusha Naicker, Communications Officer: Trade and Investment KZN, on +27 31 368 9600 or email perusha@tikzn.co.za http://www.tradeinvestsa.co.za/investment_opportunities/624829.htm

General Foods: press release: http://www.bizcommunity.com/PressOffice/PressRelease.aspx?i=124357&ai=28884#contact

Rainbow Chicken: check out their website: http://www.rainbowchickens.co.za/about_operations_certification.aspx

press release from Pillsbury pies announcing halaal certification: http://www.fastmoving.co.za/news-archive/supplier-news/general-mills-south-africa-receives-halaal-certification

 

Jewish Wedding Traditions

One week before the wedding

One week before the wedding

Torah Honor to the Groom: It is customary to honor the bridegroom in synagogue by calling him up to the Torah on the Sabbath before the wedding. The rejoicing over the coming marriage formally begins then, with a reception (Kiddush) after services, hosted by his family. Torah Honor to the Bride: The bride may be honored at a Sabbath afternoon women’s gathering, following the oyruf, which is known as the bride’s Sabbath. The guests honor her with stories about their friendship and thoughts about her upcoming marriage.

The Groom’s Visit to the Mikveh (Ritual Bath): To prepare themselves for one of the most important moments in their lives, some men go to the Mekvah and afterwards attend a male only party with friends.

The Bride’s Visit to the Mikveh (Ritual Bath): The brides and converts go to the Mikveh for the first time just before the wedding for ceremonial immersion and purification. A small party for the women in the family usually follows the bride’s visit to the Mikveh.

Seclusion of the Bride: After she has visited the Mikveh, a traditional bride will not see or speak to her fiancée until the actual wedding ceremony, which can be up to a week. This custom has helped many Jewish brides avoid the pre-wedding friction that can occur with their grooms and is also believed to bring good luck to the marriage.

The Stage

The Wedding Canopy: The wedding ceremony takes place under the chuppah (wedding canopy). The chuppah is usually made of velvet with embroidery and fringes. The chuppah is supported by four poles, which is optionally held during the ceremony by friends or relatives and symbolizes the new home that will be created by the couple. Under the chuppah is a table with two glasses and a bottle of kiddush wine. The Jewish tradition is that both sets of parents are bringing their children to be consecrated to each other under the chuppah.

By custom, all of the immediate relatives are part of the wedding party. The bride and groom are escorted down the aisle by their parents. To lead their children to the chuppah is considered a parent’s highest joy. Their fathers and mothers escort both bride and groom. If there are grandparents, they are given a special place in the procession. Under the chuppah the bride stands to the right of the groom. Under Orthodox custom, the bride may circle the groom seven times (representing the seven wedding blessings) before taking her place at his right. The number seven represents the idea of the seven heavens, the seven wedding blessings and the seven days of Creation. Symbolically, the bride is thought to be entering the seven spheres of her beloved’s soul. The circle created by the bride is regarded as the space the couple will now share, separate from parents.

The seven Jewish wedding blessings praise God for:

Creating the fruit of the vine: the blessing over the wine, or kiddush
Creating the earth and all that is in it
Creating humanity
Creating man and woman in God’s image
The miracle of birth
Bringing the bride and groom together to rejoice and live in harmony as did the first couple, Adam and Eve.

The joy of the bride and groom and the hope for a world that will one day be filled with the joy of lovers and the laughter of children.

The rabbi begins the ceremony by reading the invocation. Then, the rabbi recites the betrothal benediction over a glass of wine, a symbol of sanctification in which the praise to the one God is voiced. The prayer is: We praise you, Adonai our God, Ruler of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine. The bride and groom sip the wine. During most wedding ceremonies, the groom lifts the bride’s veil after he has tasted the wine.

After the introduction by the rabbi, the groom recites his wedding vow and gives the ring to the bride. The wedding vow he recites in Hebrew is: Thou art consecrated unto me with this ring as my wife, according to the law of Moses and Israel.

Traditionally the ring for the bride is a simple gold band without any engravings. This type of ring is used because it shows the true value and purity of the ring. At the ceremony the ring is placed on the bride’s right index finger because it is the finger that points at the words when reading the Torah. Modern brides that follow this custom will sometimes switch the ring to the left hand after the ceremony.

Next the ketubbah is read aloud. This is followed by a reading of the seven wedding benedictions by various guests. During this reading the bride and groom sip their wine. The seven benedictions are as follows:

1. Blessed art Thou, O lord our God, King of the Universe who hast created the fruit of the vine.
2. Blessed art Thou, O lord our God, King of the Universe who has created all things for His glory.
3. Blessed art Thou, O lord our God, King of the universe, creator of man.
4. Blessed art Thou, O lord our God, King of the Universe who hast made man in his image, after his likeness, and hast prepared for him out of his very self, a perpetual fabric. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, creator of man.
5. May she who was barren be exceedingly glad and rejoice when her children are united in her midst in joy. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, who makes Zion joyful through her children.
6. O Lord, make these beloved companions greatly rejoice even as Thou didst rejoice at Thy creation in the Garden of Eden as of old. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, who makest bridegroom and bride to rejoice.
7. Blessed art Thou, O lord our God, King of the Universe, who has created joy and gladness, bridegroom and bride, mirth and exultation, pleasure and delight, love, brotherhood, peace and fellowship. Soon may there be heard in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, the voice of joy and gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the jubilant voice of the bridegrooms from the canopies, and of youths from their feasts of song. Blessed art Thou, O Lord who makest the bridegroom to rejoice with the bride.

When the reading is done, the groom smashes a glass with his foot. The breaking of the glass symbolizes the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem centuries ago. When the wedding ceremony has ended, the guests wish the couple mazel tov, meaning good luck.

 

Since Jews have moved to and from so many countries and have liberal to orthodox views, wedding customs differ. Though many traditional philosophies, prayers and viewpoints remain the same.

The purposes Jewish marriages are procreation, companionship, and the maintenance of family life. Traditionally the Jewish wedding starts with three methods of establishing the marriage. The first is a public signing of a legal marriage contract called ketubah. The ketubah is a document that sanctifies the rights and obligations of the bride and groom. It is signed by the groom and then given to the bride for safekeeping. In modern weddings the bride also signs the contract. The couple at the beginning or end of the ceremony can sign it. The document is often framed and displayed in the newlyweds’ home.

The second method of establishing the Jewish marriage is for the groom to present the bride-to-be with an article of known value (the ring) which she accepts (kinyan). And the last tradition is for the two to spend ten or fifteen minutes together in seclusion or union (yihud).

The Celebration

The wedding party then proceeds down the aisle, led by the bride and groom. At this point, the couple sometimes perform a traditional ritual known as yihud (union). This requires the two going to a private room where they will briefly eat some food (typically a broth) together. They will then go to the reception area for the festivities. A typical celebration includes circle dancing where the bride and groom may be lifted above the circle. In Orthodox communities, where dancing with the opposite sex is prohibited, a special dance may be done where the dance partners will hold opposite ends of a scarf. If either the bride or groom is the last child of the family to be married, another special dance may be performed for the parents to celebrate their success in marrying off all of their children.

 

Interfaith

More than 50% of Jewish men and women are marrying non-Jewish, mostly Christian partners today.

According to Jewish Law, a marriage between a Jew and a non-Jew is not considered valid.

According to Catholic Law, priests are directed to help with interfaith wedding ceremonies regardless of their personal beliefs.

If you are unable to find a rabbi to conduct your ceremony, contact the Rabbinic Center for Research and Counseling in Westfield, NJ at (908) 223-0419.

The average length of a Jewish ceremony is twenty minutes and the average length of a Catholic ceremony, when it is part of mass, runs about an hour.

 

Interfaith Ceremony

Most follow this general outline combining aspects of both Jewish and Christian ceremonies although some interfaith ceremonies can vary – co-officiated by a Rabbi and a Priest – lasts about 45 minutes

Opening Remarks

Explanation of the Chuppah Led by the Rabbi

Acknowledging Loved Ones Who Have Died Led by the Rabbi

Acknowledging Your Two Traditions Led by the Priest

General Opening Marriage Blessings and Prayers Led by the Priest

Sign of Peace Led by the Priest

Readings (biblical and/or secular) by different people

The Blessing over the Wine Led by the Rabbi

Affirmation of the Families and of the Guests

Exchange of Vows (including Declaration of Intent and Consent, when applicable) Led by the Priest

Exchange of Rings Led by the Rabbi

Lighting of the Unity Candle Led by the Priest

The Jewish Seven Wedding Blessings Led by the Rabbi (see Jewish section for more)

The Pronouncement Led by the Rabbi

Kiss

Closing Prayers by the Rabbi and Priest

Breaking of the Glass Led by the Rabbi

Common Conflicts and Solutions to Interfaith Weddings

Day of the Week:

Most interfaith marriages are scheduled for either a Saturday evening or a Sunday since the Jewish Sabbath (Saturday) ends at sundown on Saturday and most Christians prefer to have their weddings on Saturdays.

Day of the Year:

Christian weddings may be held on any day of the year, Jewish weddings cannot.

The Jewish religion: Does not permit weddings to be held on Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, and Passover.

Location of Ceremony:

Most interfaith marriage ceremonies are held in neutral settings, such as nondenominational chapels, historical sites, public gardens, hotels, and private homes in order to appease both sides of the family.

To See or Not to See Each Other Before the Ceremony:

Many brides do not want to see their groom before the processional begins because they believe this would bring them bad luck. If you want to sign an interfaith ketubah before the ceremony, you can have the rabbi or officiate sign your ketubah separately before the music begins. Signing the ketubah after the ceremony is discouraged because you will want to sign it thoughtfully and calmly. After the ceremony, you will be anxious to take pictures and to see your family and friends, so the signing is often rushed.

The Processional:

In the Jewish tradition the bride stands on the right side of the groom and it is the reverse in the Christian tradition. In the Jewish tradition, the groom walks down the aisle with both of his parents and the bride walks down with both of her parents. In the Christian tradition, the groom’s parents and the bride’s mother are escorted to their seats before the formal processional begins, and the bride’s father escorts her down the aisle. In the Jewish tradition, the parents stand near the bride and groom for the entire ceremony. In Christian tradition, the parents are seated for the service. The bride and groom must compromise with both sets of parents beforehand which situation would best suit their ceremony. Unfortunately there is no fast rule to this as families often have different perceptions of how the processional should be carried out.

Do Guests Stand or Sit as the Bride Enters?:

In American Christian weddings it is tradition for the guests to rise as the bride enters and it is a Jewish custom for everyone to remain seated throughout the processional and ceremony. If you do not tell your guests whether to stand or sit, some will stand and others will remain seated as the bride makes her appearance. To avoid confusion, inform your officiate what you would like your guests to do.

 

Millitary Wedding Traditions

Some Preliminaries Couples Must Do Before a Military Wedding:

A one-day pre-course at your local archdiocese. To find your local archdiocese visit: http://www.catholic-forum.com/diocese_homes.html

Completion of a pre-marital inventory examination.

4-6 sessions with the priest or deacon.

Completion of pre-marital documentation to include:
Pre-Nuptial Investigation Form”
Submission of baptism certificates issued within 60 days of the proposed marriage date.
If you were baptized on a military base,
you can obtain a copy of your baptism certificate by writing to
the Archdiocese for the Military Services,
USA, PO Box 4469,
Washington DC 20017.

Please provide your full name, date of birth, father’s first and last name, and your mother’s maiden name. If you were baptized in a civilian parish, contact them and provide them with the same information. Baptized non-Catholics should provide a photo copy of their baptismal certificate or, at a minimum, name and location of the church where they were baptized and the date of baptism.

Permission from the bishop if a Catholic is marrying a non-Catholic.

Completion of an “Affidavit of Free Status” by the parent of the bride and groom.

If neither party to the marriage is active duty military, the bride’s civilian pastor must give written permission for the wedding to take place in the chapel.

 

A military wedding may be officiated by a Christian minister in a church or Jewish rabbi in a synagogue. The military wedding may also be held at a chapel on the base site. Those who marry at a military chapel are military academy graduates, a child of the graduate, a staff member or a faculty member. When the groom’s residence is at a military post, officers and their spouses, as well as civilians are invited to the wedding and reception. The American flag is displayed at the wedding.

Arch of Swords

The outstanding feature of a military wedding that differs from other ceremonies is the arch of swords through which the bride and groom pass at the end of the ceremony. Only commissioned officers are allowed this honor. As soon as the service is over, the ushers (usually 6 or 8) line up at the foot of the chancel steps. Friends and relatives leave the chapel prior to this so that they can watch. At the head usher’s command, “Draw swords”, they hold up their swords (blades up) to form an arch. (Navy ceremonies use an arch of swords and Army ceremonies incorporate sabers.) The couple passes through, the head usher says, “Return swords”, and the men put them back in their sheaths. They then turn and escort the bridesmaids down the aisle. The tradition of the bride and groom walking through the arch of swords is meant to ensure the couple’s safe passage into their new life together.

Alternatively, the arch may be formed outside the church entrance. The ushers leave by a side door, hurry to the front of the church, and are waiting, swords raised, when the couple emerges. The bridesmaids walk out two by two but do not pass through the arch.

Any civilian ushers in the party line up beside the others and stand at attention as the bride and groom pass by. Therefore, unless the ushers are all officers, it is wiser to omit this ceremony since it would not achieve the same impact.

 

Renaissance Wedding Traditions

Weddings during the Middle Ages were considered family and community affairs. The only thing needed to create a marriage was for both partners to state their consent to take one another as spouses. Witnesses were not always necessary, nor was the presence of the clergy. The role of the clergy at a medieval wedding was to bless the couple. It wasn’t official church policy until the council of Trent in the 15th century ruled that a third party [c.f. a priest], as opposed to the couple themselves, was responsible for performing the wedding.

In the later medieval period, the wedding ceremony moved from the house of the bride to the church. It began with a procession to the church from the bride’s house. Vows were exchanged outside the church (the priest gave away the bride, not the father) and then everyone moved inside for Mass. After Mass, the procession went back to the bride’s house for a feast.

Weddings of the Renaissance and medieval period were not all that much different in content from weddings today. The structure is customarily similar to traditional religious ceremonies with medieval décor and dress. The challenge in having a modern Renaissance wedding comes in creating a 14th century atmosphere.

There are many historical reenactment groups such as the SCA that you can join to help you plan the look and feel of your ceremony. Many of the members have experience constructing Renaissance weddings and are willing to help others to plan theirs. The SCA or other local guilds will be able to assist you with your costuming, decoration, catering and will probably even volunteer to entertain.

Origins and Traditions

The Origin of the Bachelor Dinner
This appears to have had its source in Sparta. A Spartan groom always invited his close friends to a supper on the eve of his wedding. The custom is very old and many believe it originated in many different lands.

The Origin of the Trousseau
The trousseau can be traced back to the barter-price, purchase-price and dowry systems. It was customary for a bride to come to her husband with a dowry, so that the man might be compensated for his expenses in caring for the children of his wife’s lineage.

The Origin of Members of the Bridal Party
During the ‘marriage by capture’ era, the loyal tribesmen and close friends of the groom within the tribe aided him to invade the enemy territory to capture his bride. While he dashed off with her, his friends stayed behind to fend off or fight the brides outraged relatives. Such were the first ushers and best man. The maid of honor and the bridesmaids, as they are known today, can also be traced back through the centuries to Saxon England. The senior among them would attend the bride for several days before the wedding. She was especially responsible for the making of the bridal wreath, the decorations for the wedding feast, and for dressing the bride.

Origin of the Processional
In Medieval times, the processional was especially colorful. Gaily dressed minstrels sang and piped at the head of the procession. Next came a young man bearing the bride-cup, which was a chalice or vase of silver or silver-gilt, decorated with gilt, rosemary and ribbons. Then the bride walked, attended by two bachelors, and a dozen or so knights and pages. Next came maidens carrying bride cake, followed by girls with garlands of wheat. The bridegroom then appeared, led by two maidens, and walked in the midst of his close friends, including his “best man”. The relatives walked after him, and these were followed by less intimate friends.

The Tradition of Wedding Gowns
In early Saxon days and through the 18th century, it was the poorer bride who came to her wedding dressed in a plain white robe. This was in the nature of a public statement that she brought nothing with her to her marriage and that therefore her husband was not responsible for her debts.

The Origin of the Veil
The introduction of the veil into Europe came through returning crusades. In early wedding tradition in Europe the bride was bargained for through her father. She was swathed in a bridal veil, and revealed to her mate after the ceremony. In Anglo-Saxon times, the bride wore her hair hanging loose as part of the wedding ritual.

The Tradition of Flowers
The wearing of a wreath of orange blossoms as a crown on the bridal veil was a Saracen custom introduced by returning Crusaders. Orange blossoms were so expensive that only the wealthy could afford them and poorer brides resorted to artificial ones. Flowers also carried special meanings.

The Origin and Tradition of the Wedding Cake
Although it is difficult to tell the specific region that the wedding cake originated in, the early Romans broke a cake made of salted meal over the bride’s head as a symbol of abundance. Various cultures customarily dropped wheat flour or cake upon the bride’s head, then ate these offerings for good luck. The early Britons baked large baskets of small dry crackers for weddings and every guest took one home. This later became known as the tradition of taking the wedding cake home to “dream on”. The tradition of a decorated cake in the shape of an animal, a castle, or basket dates back to the Middle Ages and was called a subtlety. Often coins or silver charms were baked into the cake as prizes for the guests.

The Origin of the Honeymoon
In Northern Europe in the earlier centuries, a newly married couple drank wine made of mead and honey, known as, metheglen, for a month after their marriage. A month was then a “moon”, and therefore the month during which the wine was drunk became known as the honeymoon.

The Origin of Throwing Rice and Old Shoes
The throwing of rice or grain historically symbolized good luck and fertility, or abundance. Among ancient Asyrians and Jews, when a bargain was made, a man gave his sandal as an indication of good faith. A show was the symbol of authority. When the Anglo-Saxon hurled a shoe, it indicated that authority had been transferred.

The Origin and Tradition of the Garter Toss
The garter toss is one of the oldest surviving wedding traditions. It was said that a man who gave his love the garter of a bride would be guaranteed faithfulness. Back in medieval times, it was customary for friends, relatives, guests to accompany the bridal couple to the marriage bed. As time went on, this became rowdier and rowdier to the point that some guests were all too eager to help the bride out of her wedding clothes. To forestall such impropriety, the garters were quickly removed and thrown to the mob as a distraction. As time went on, it has evolved into the tradition we now know.

The Ceremony

Renaissance weddings generally are held outdoors, in a garden park, or modern halls. Traditional churches and cathedrals are also appropriate if properly decorated with banners, heavy wooden chairs and candlelight. Churches or halls are often decorated with grapevine wreaths on the doors, English Ivy, Medieval banners, votive candles set in gold holders, and white flowers as well.

In the early Renaissance Period, the Baron convened the court and the Herald called upon the bride and groom-to-be to present themselves along with their family and supporters. The Herald then read the terms of the dowry and bride price. The Baron then inquired whether they were satisfied with the terms and if each of the couples parents granted permission for the ceremony. Once the permissions were granted, the Baron pronounced the couple to be married and signed the wedding certificate along with the guests present.

The ceremony today is a personal preference and usually a blend of the couple’s religious background with medieval and renaissance customs mixed in. A Catholic Mass could be performed in Latin with the actual vows in English. Though conducting a ceremony in another language often alienates the majority of the attendees. Many couples use the Anglican wedding vows, since they have changed very little over the last four hundred years. The key is to find a minister who can orchestrate a wedding with a renaissance feeling.

Some Ceremony Ideas

Use a parchment scroll that guests can sign in on with a quill pen
Have the music played on a pipe organ, or instrumental Celtic music played with a Dulcimer, Celtic harp, lute, flute etc.
Have the wedding party dress in 14th/15th century costumes.
When the people arrive at the church door, have the men sit on the right side and the women on the left.

Some General Ideas

Have castle or a knight with a horse as a cake top or on the invitations
A catchy invitation phrase:” Medieval attire admired, but not required.”
Since white is not a traditional color for gowns in Renaissance weddings, an example of the type of gown she could wear is a full-length ivory brocade cotehardie which laces up in the back and can be accented with garnets and pearls.
The groom can wear a colored houppelande with a brocade or dress as a medieval huntsman wearing velvet britches, knee-length leather moccasins, a white shirt and a leather tunic.
Use a horse-drawn carriage to escort you to the reception.
Cut the wedding cake with two long swords and toast each other with long-stemmed pewter goblets.
Decorate the buffet table with ivory.

Old and New changed South African place names

Kglagadi – Gemsbok

Kglagadi National Transfrontier park use to be Gemsbok Park 

 

Pretoria – Tswane

The regime is trying to change this historical city with the beautiful name of Pretoria to Tswane. Much controversy surounds this move.

 

 

Warmbaths – (Bela-Bela)

"Belabela" is a Sesotho word simply meaning "hot spring" or "bubble bubble", in reference to the hot water springs in this area.

 

Nylstroom – (Modimolle)

Kglagadi – Gemsbok

Kglagadi National Transfrontier park use to be Gemsbok Park

 

Pretoria – Tswane

The regime is trying to change this historical city with the beautiful name of Pretoria to Tswane. Much controversy surounds this move.

 

 

Warmbaths – (Bela-Bela)

“Belabela” is a Sesotho word simply meaning “hot spring” or “bubble bubble”, in reference to the hot water springs in this area.

 

Nylstroom – (Modimolle)

The word literally means “the forefather’s spirit has eaten” (Modimo o lle). According to tradition, it often happened that someone would climb the mountain (known as Kranskop), only to disappear without trace. The Basotho attributed such disappearances to an ancestral spirit that ate (killed) the unfortunate. (See also my brief synopsis below regarding how Nylstroom got its name.)

 

Naboomspruit – (Mookgophong)

The town was named after the huge candelabra tree (the naboom). The new name of Mookgophong essentially has the same meaning.

 

Potgietersrus – (Mokopane)

The true meaning is unclear.

The town was supposed to be called Mngombane as the original name of a Northern Ndebele (or BaTlou) king was Mngombane. His name was not Mokopane!

 

Pietersburg – (Polokwane)

The true meaning also seems unclear. Some sources say that it means “little storage space”, while other sources say it means “place of safety”.

 

Louis Trichardt

This town was for a short period known as Makhado but has now changed back to Louis Trichardt. (See further details below in this posting.)

More coming.

South Africa

Where? South Africa is the most southern country in Africa, just below Namibia to the top left and Mozambique to the top right and Zimbabwe to the top middle

Where? South Africa is the most southern country in Africa, just below Namibia to the top left and Mozambique to the top right and Zimbabwe to the top middle. Madagaskar is also to the right of South Africa if you look from above.

Summary

History

Government

Politics

Economy

Culture

Religion

Provinces

Eastern Cape

 

Political situation The political situation is pretty stable at the moment. South Africa is democracy with the main politics parties being the DA (democratic alliance), the ANC (African National Congress) and more smaller parties. South Africa has a general election ever 4 years and the next one to take place is in 2009. Currently the ANC is running the country now but this could change when the elections come.

 

Issues / Crime Although South Africa is the most beautiful country in the world the recent government has not managed to control crime which are now the highest levels in the world. The most dangerous places in South Africa probably would be Johannesburg and Pretoria. The Western Cape is fairly safer than the Johannesburg / Gauteng regions. Crime is currently a worse problem in South Africa, even worse than the joblessness and lack of fast internet which is caused by Minister of Communications Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri also known as Poison Ivy. This woman is the single biggest issue South Africa faces as the biggest problem to having fast and competitive internet. Why she still is in government shows the lack of knowledge they have to employ capable people to do their jobs. Other things are corruption. Recently the government closed down the country’s elite crime fighting unit called the Scorpions, this was a move because most people running the country is part of some corruption scheme and they had personal issues with the Scorpions.The police is also fairly corrupt and police brutality is on the rise in South Africa.

 

Weather South Africa has some of the best weather in the world, we have the really hot times and then the really cold winters at some places. The coldest areas in the winter is usually inland close to Bethlehem and Bloemfontein as well as the Karoo. South Africa has had some big storms recently which destroyed many roads and businesses in Cape Town, the capital city of the Western Cape also known as the mother city. List of cities and towns in South Africa

 

History

1600

1700

1800

1900

2000

Government

In 1910 four selfgoverning British colonies in Southern Africa – The Cape, Natal,
the Orange River Colony and Transvaal – were united into the Union of South Africa,
a semi-independent Dominion part of the British Empire. (1)

Following the Imperial Conference of 1926 the Union became one of the equal members
of the British Empire and in 1931, with the Statute of Westminster, it finally
achieved full sovereignty, while remaining a member of the British Commonwealth.

(1) Dutch style used until 1925  : Unie van Zuid Afrika
Afrikaander style used 1925 – ca 1933 : Unie van Suidafrika
Afrikaander style used since ca 1933  : Unie van Suid-Afrika

From 1925 Dutch was gradually replaced as official language by its South
African variant, Afrikaans.

Unlike Australia or Canada the new Union had no federal structure and the
former colonies were reduced to provinces under direct authority of the
central government.

BOER REVOLTS DURING WWI

In 1914, taking advantage of the outbreak of WWI, some Boers, hoping for
German assistance, revolted in an attempt to restore the ancient independent
republics of the Orange Free State and of Transvaal.
By 1915 the revolts had however been quelled by the South African army.

    Overall Leader of the revolt and Leader of the revolt in the Cape

1914 – 1915   Gen. Solomon Gerhardus “Manie” Maritz      1876 – 1940

    Leader of the revolt in the Orange Free State

1914  Gen. Christiaan Rudolf De Wet 1854 – 1922

    Leader of the revolt in Transvaal

1914  Gen. Christiaan Frederik Beyers 1869 – 1914
__________________________________________________________________________________

HEADS OF STATE

Kings – Konings

1931 – 1952   The Kings of the United Kingdom (2)

(2) Although the Union was mentionned by name in the oath used at the coronation
of King George VI in 1936, no separate style was used during the period
1931 – 1945.

Governors General – Goewerneurs Generaal

(also High Commissioners in and for South Africa until 1931)

1910 – 1914   Herbert John Gladstone, Viscount Gladstone     1854 – 1930
1914 – 1920   Sydney Charles Buxton, Viscount Buxton
of Newtimber                                   1853 – 1934
1920 – 1923   Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick
Albert of Connaught                            1883 – 1938

Acting for Prince Arthur

1920           Sir James Rose-Innes            1855 – 1942

1923 – 1924   Sir James Rose-Innes*                          s.a.
1924 – 1931   Augustus Alexander George Cambridge,
Earl of Athlone                                1874 – 1957

Acting for the Earl of Athlone

1930 – 1931   Jacob de Villiers                1868 – 1932

1931 – 1937   George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Earl of
Clarendon, last Governor General to be
High Commissioner in 1931                      1877 – 1955
1937 – 1943   Sir Patrick Duncan                             1870 – 1943
1943 – 1945   Nicolaas Jacobus de Wet*                       1873 – 1960
__________________________________________________________________________________

MINISTERS

Defence    Home Affairs    Native Affairs    Justice
Financial Affairs    Economic and Social Affairs    Cuktural Affairs    Without Portfolio

Prime Ministers and (since 1927) Ministers of Foreign Affairs – Eerste Ministers en
Ministers van Buitelandse Sake

1910 – 1919   Gen. Louis Botha  1862 – 1919
1919 – 1924   Gen. Jan Christian Smuts 1870 – 1950
1924 – 1939   Gen. James Barry Munnik Hertzog 1866 – 1942
1939 – 1948   Gen. Jan Christian Smuts (2x)

Ministers of Defence – Ministers van Verdediging

1910 – 1912   The Minister of Home Affairs                   s.b.

Acting Under Secretary in charge of Defence Affairs –

Waarnemende Ondersekretaris belas met Verdedigingsaangeleenthede

1910 – 1912   Henry Roland Murray Bourne
1912 – 1919   Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts s.a.
1919 – 1924   Col. Hendrik Mentz 1877 – 1938
1924 – 1933   Col. Frederic Hugh Page Creswell 1866 – 1948
1933 – 1939   Oswald Pirow 1890 – 1959
1939 – 1948   Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts (2x)

Ministers of Home Affairs – Ministers van Binnelandse Sake

1910 – 1912   Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts, also in charge of Defence s.a.
1912 – 1913   Abraham Fischer 1850 – 1913
1913 – 191.   Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts* (2x)
191. – 1921   Sir Thomas Watt 1857 – 1947
1921 – 1924   Patrick Duncan s.a.
1924 – 1933   Daniel François Malan 1874 – 1959
1933 – 1936   Jan Frederik Hendrik Hofmeyer 1894 – 1948
1936 – 1939   Richard Stuttaford 1870 – 1945
1939 – 1943   Harry Gordon Lawrence  1901 – 1973 –
1943 – 1948   Charles Francis Clarkson 1881 – 1959

Ministers of Native Affairs – Ministers van Naturellen Sake

1910 – 1912   Henry Burton 1866 – 1935
1912          Gen. James Barry Munnik Hertzog s.a.
1912 – 1913   Jacobus Wilhelmus Sauer 1850 – 1913
1913 – 1919   Gen. Louis Botha s.a.
1919 – 1924   Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts s.a.
1924 – 1929   Gen. James Barry Munnik Hertzog (2x)
1939 – 1933   Ernest George Jansen 1881 – 1959
1933 – 1938   Pieter Gert Wessel Grobler 1872 – 1942
1938 – 1939   Henry Allan Fagan 1889 – 1963
1939 – 1943   Deneys Reitz 1882 – 1944
1943 – 1948   Pieter Voltelyn Graham van der Byl 1899 –

Ministers of Justice – Ministers van Justisie

1910 – 1912   Gen. James Barry Munnik Hertzog s.a.
1913 – 1913   Jacobus Wilhelmus Sauer s.a.
1913 – 1924   Nicolaas Jacobus de Wet s.a.
1924 – 1929   Tielman Johannes de Villiers Roos 1879 – 1935
1929 – 1933   Oswald Pirow s.a.
1933 – 1939   Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts s.a.
1939 – 1945   Colin Fraser Steyn 1887 – 1959

Ministers of Finances – Ministers van Finansies

1910 – 1912   Henry Charles Hull 1866 – 1942
1912 – 1915   Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts s.a.
1915 – 1916   Sir David Pieter de Villiers Graaff 1859 – 1931
1916 – 1917   Henry Burton s.a.
1917 – 1920   Thomas Orr 1857 – 1937
1920 – 1924   Henry Burton (2x)
1924 – 1939   Nicolaas Christiaan Havenga 1882 – 1957
1939 – 1948   Jan Frederik Hendrik Hofmeyer s.a.

Ministers of Economic and Social Affairs

Lands, Agriculture, etc    Commerce, Mines, etc    Public Works and Communications    Social Affairs

Ministers of Lands, Agriculture, etc

Ministers of Lands – Ministers van Grondsake

1910 – 1913   Abraham Fiscer                                 s.a.
1913 – 1915   Hendrik Schalk Theron                          1869 – 1922
1916 – 1920   Gen. Hendrik Mentz                             s.a.
1921 – 1924   Deneys Reitz                                   s.a.
1924 – 1933   Peter Geert Wessel Grobler                     s.a.
1933 – 1935   Deneys Reitz (2x)
1935 – 1939   Jan Christoffel Greyling Kemp                  1872 – 1946
1939 – 1948   Andrew Meintjes Cobnroy                        1877 – 1951

Minister of Irrigation – Minister van Irrigasie

1928 – 1933   Ernest George Jansen                           s.a.

Ministers of Agriculture and Forestry

Minister of Agriculture – Ministers van Landbou

1910 – 1912   Louis Botha                                    s.a.
1912          Jacobus Wilhelmus Sauer                        1850 – 1913
1912 – 1913   Louis Botha (2x)
1913 – 1920   Hendrik Christiaan van Heerden                 1862 –
1920 – 1921   François Srephanus Malan                       1871 – 1941
1921 – 1924   Sir Arthur Francis Thomas William Smartt       1858 – 1929
1924 – 1934   Jan Christoffel Greyling Kemp                  s.a.

Ministers of Agriculture and Forestry – Ministers van Landbou en Bosbou

1934 – 1935   Jan Christoffel Greyling Kemp                  s.a.
1935 – 1938   Deneys Reitz                                   s.a.
1937 – 1944   William Richard Collins                        1876 – 1944
1944 – 1948   Jacobus Gideon Nel Strauss                     1900 –

Ministers of Commerce, Mines, etc

Ministers of Commerce and Industry – Ministers van Handel en Industrie

1910 – 1911   Sir Frederick Robert Moore                     1853 – 1927
1911 – 1912   Sir George Leuchars                            1858 – 1924

Ministers of Mines – Ministers van Mynbou

1910 – 1912   Gen. Jan Christiaan Smuts                      s.a.
1912          François Stephanus Malan                       s.a.

1912 : Ministry reorganied and renamed

Minisrers of Mines and Industry – Ministers van Mynbou en Industrie

1912 – 1924   Frannçois Stephanus Malan                      s.a.
1924 – 1929   Fredrik William Beyers                         1867 – 1938
1929 – 1933   Adriaan Paulus Johannes Fourie                 1882 – 1941

1933 : Ministry divided :

– Ministry of Commerce and Industr, later renamed Economic Development,
– Ministry of Mines

Ministers of Commerce, Industry and Economic Develoment

Ministers of Commerce and Industry – Ministers van Handel en Industrie

1933 – 1938   Adriaan Paulus Johannes Fourie                 s.a.
1938 – 1939   Oswald Pirow                                   s.a.
1939 – 1941   Ricahrd Stuttaford
1941 – 1944   Sidney Frank Waterson                          1896 – 1976

Minister of Economic Development – Minister van Ekonomiese Ontwikkeling

1944 – 1948   Sidney Frank Waterson                          s.a.

Ministers of Mines – Ministers van Mynbou

1933 – 1936   Patrick Duncan                                 s.a.
1936 – 1938   Jan Frederik Hendrik Hofmeyer
1939          Gen. Jan Christian Smuts                       s.a.
1938 – 1939   Deneys Reitz                                   s.a.
1939 – 1945   Charles Frampton Stallard                      1871 – 1971

Ministers of Public Works and Communications

Ministers of Public Works – Ministers van Openbare Werke

1910 – 1912   Sir David Pieter de Villiers Graaff            1859 – 1931
1912 – 1920   Sir Thpmas Watt                                s.a.
1920 – 1921   Sir Jacobus Arnoldus Combrinck Graaff
1921 – 1924   Sir Thomas Watt (2x)
1924 – 1925   Thomas Boydell                                 1882 – 1966
1925 – 1928   Walter Bayley Madeley                          1873 – 1947
1928 – 1933   Henry William Sampson                          1872 – 1938
1933 – 1945   Charles Francis Clarkson                       s.a.

Ministers of Railways, Harbours, Transport

Ministers of Railways and Harbors – Ministers van Spoorwege en Hawe

1910 – 1912   Jacobus Wilhelmus Sauer                        s.a.
1912 – 1921   Henry Burton                                   s.a.
1921 – 1924   John William Jagger                            1859 – 1930
1924 – 1933   Charles Wynazd Marias Malan                    1883 – 1933
1933 – 1938   Oswald Pirow                                   s.a.
1928 – 1939   Adriaan Paulus Johannas Fourie                 s.a.
1939 – 1944   Frederick Claud Starrock                      1882 – 1958

Minister of Transport – Minister van Transport

1911 – 1948   Frederick Claud Starrock                       s.a.

Ministers of Posts and Telegraphs – Ministers van Pos en Telegrafie

1910 – 1912   Sir David Pieter de Villiers Graaff            s.a.
1912          Sir George Leuchars                            s.a.
1912 – 1915   Sir Thomas Watt                                s.a.
1916 – 1919   Sir Johannes Hendricus Meiring Beck            1855 – 1919
1919 – 1920   Thomas Orr
1920 – 1921   Sir Jacobus Arnoldus Comrinck Graaff           1863 – 1927
1921 – 1924   Sir Thomas Watt (2x)
1924 – 1925   Thomas Boydell                                 s.a.
1925 – 1928   Walter Bayley Madeley                          s.a.
1928 – 1933   Henry William Sampson                          s.a.
1933 – 1945   Charles Francis Clarkson                       s.a.

Ministers of Social Affairs

Ministers of Labour and Social Welfare – Ministers van Arbeid en Sosiale Welvaart

Ministers of Labour – Ministers van Arbeid

1924 – 1925   Col. Frederic Hugn Page Creswell               s.a.
1925 – 1929   Thomas Boydell                                 s.a.
1929 – 1933   Col. Frederic Hugh Page Creswell (2x)
1924 – 1925   Adriaan Paukus Johannes Fourie                 s.a.

Ministers of Labour and Social Welfare – Ministers van Arbeid en Sosiale Welvaart

1935 – 1936   Adriaan Paukus Johannes Fourie                 s.a.
1936 – 1937   Jan Frederik Hendrik Hofmeyer                  s.a.

1937 : Ministry divided

Minister of Labour – Ministers van Arbied

1937 – 1938   Jan Frederik Hendrik Hofmeyer                  s.a.
1938 – 1939   Harry Gordon Lawrence                          s.a.
1939 – 1945   Walter Bayley Madeley                          s.a.

Minister of Social Welfare – Ministers van Sosiale Welvaart

1937 – 1938   Jan Frederik Hendrik Hofmeyer                  s.a.
1938 – 1939   Henry Allan Fagant                             1889 – 1963
1939 – 1943   Walter Bayley Madeley                          s.a.
1943 – 1944   Harry Gordon Lawrence                          s.a.

Ministers of Public Health – Ministers van Openbare Gesondheid

1919 – 1921   Sir Thomas Watt                                s.a.
1921 – 1924   Patrick Duncan                                 s.a.
1924 – 1933   Daniel François Malan                          s.a.
1933 – 1936   Jan Frederik Henrik Hofmeyer                   s.a.
1936 – 1939   Richard Stuttaford                             s.a.
1939 – 1944   Harry Gordon Lawrence                          s.a.

1944  : Ministries of Social Welfare and Public Health merged into the Ministry of
Welfare and Demobilisaton

Minister of Welfare and Demobilisation – Minister van Welvaart en Demobilisasie

1944 – 1945   Harry Gordon Lawrence                          s.a.

Ministers of Cultural Affairs

Ministers of Education – Ministers van Onderwys

1910 – 1921   François Stephanus Malan                       s.a.
1921 – 1924   Patrick Duncan                                 s.a.
1924 – 1933   Daniel François Malan                          s.a.
1933 – 1938   Jan Frederik Hendrik Hofmeyer                  s.a.
1938 – 1939   Henry Allan Fagant                             s.a.
1939 – 1948   Jan Frederik Hendrik Hofmeyer (2x)

Ministers without Portfolio –  Ministers sonder Portefeulje

1910 – 1911   Charles O’Grady Gubbins                        18.. – 1911
1911 – 1913   none
1913          Sir David Pieter de Villiers Graaf             s.a.
1913 – 1920   Sir Jacobus Arnoldus Combrick Graaf            s.a.
1920 – 1933   none
1933 – 1936   Richard Stuttaford                             s.a.
1936 – 1938   Frederick Claud Starrock                       s.a.
1938 – 1939   Robert Hugh Henderson
1939 – 1943   Pieter Voltelyn Graham van der Byl             s.a.
__________________________________________________________________________________

MILITARY LEADERS

The South African Army (Union Defence Force – Unieverdedigingsmag) was established
in 1912 by the merger of the volunteer forces of the 4 former colonies. (3)

Staff Officer for General Staff Duties – Stafoffisier vir Generale Stafpligte

1912 – 1915   Col. John Johnston Collyer                     1870 – 1941

Chief Staff Officer of the General Staff – Hoofstafoffisier Generale Staf

1915 – 1917   BrigGen. John Johnston Collyer                 s.a.

Chiefs of the General Staff – Hoofde van die Generale Staf

1917 – 1920   BrigGen. John Johnston Collyer                 s.a.
1920 – 1933   MajGen. Andries Jacob Eksteen Brink            1877 – 1947
1933 – 1949   Gen. Sir Pierre Helperus Andries van
Ryneveld                                       1891 – 1972

(3) Until 1912 the defence of the 4 colonies was entrusted to :

– British troops, which were gradually withdrawn between 1907 and 1921,
– the already mentioned volunteer forces existing in the colonies.

A unified command for all these forces was established on several
occasions, the lats time in 1899 at the outbreak of the 2nd Boer War.

British Commanders-in-Chief in South Africa 1899 – 1912.

1899          Gen. Sir Redvers Henry Buller             1839 – 1908
1899 – 1900   FieldMarsh. Sir Frederick Sleigh
Roberts, Baron Roberts of Kandahar
in Afghanistan and of the City of
Waterford                                 1832 – 1914
1900 – 1902   Gen. Horatio Herbert Kitchener,
Baron Kitchener of Khartoum and of
Aspall in the County of Suffolk           1850 – 1916
1902 – 1904   Gen. Sir Neville Gerald Lyttelton         1845 – 1931
1904 – 1908   Gen. Henry John Thoroton Hildyard
1908 – 1912   Gen. Paul Sanford Methuen, Baron
Methuen                                   1845 – 1932
__________________________________________________________________________________

PARTY LEADERS

LEADERS OF THE ANC

The South African Native National Congress (SANNC) was founded in 1912 to organize
the protest against the introduction of the Natives’ Land Act – which relocated the
vast majority of the Blacks into Reserves – and more generally against the exclusion
of Blacks from power in the new Union of South Africa.

The SANNC was renamed African National Congress (ANC) in 1923.

Presidents

1912 – 1917   John Langalibalele Dube                        1871 – 1946
1917 – 1924   Sefako Mapogo Makgatho                         1861 – 1951
1924 – 1927   Zacharias Richard Mahabane                     1881 – 1970
1927 – 1930   Josiah Tshangana Gumede                        1870 – 1947
1930 – 1936   Pixley ka Isaka Seme                           1882 – 1951
1937 – 1940   Zacharias Richard Mahabane (2x)
1940 – 1949   Alfred Bitini Xuma                             1890 – 1962

Secretaries General

1912 – 1917   Solomon “Sol” Tshekisho Plaatje                1876 – 1932

Acting during the journey of Plaatje to the UK

1915 – 1917   Richard Victor Selope Thema      1886 – 1955

1917 – 1919   H. L. Bud M’belle
1919 – 1923   Saul Msane
1923 – 1927   T. D. Mweli Skota
1927 – 1930   E. J. Khaile
1930 – 1936   E. Mdolomba
1936 – 1949   James Arthur Calata                            1895 – 1983

SOUTH AFRICAN HIGH COMMISSION

The High Commission in Southern Africa was established in 1847. It was in charge of
the relations between the British government and all South African territories and
peoples not under direct Britsih control, meaning all regions outside the British
colonies of the Cape and Natal. In practice this were at some point :

– the Boer states (the Orange Free State, the South African Republic, …),
– the Black nations and states (Basotho, Bechuana, Pondo, Zulu, etc),
– the Griqua chiefdoms,
– the territories of the British South Africa Company (BSAC),

(+ the German and Portuguese possessions in Southern Africa until 19..)

As British rule expanded, its jurisdiction area was gradually reduced, and after
the transfer of the BSAC territories to direct British administration in 1923, the
only territories remaining under its control were :

– the three protectorates of Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland,
– the autonomous British colony of South Rhodesia, but only as far as its policy
towards its Black majority was concerned.

This supervision over South Rhodesian affairs ended in 1937 and thereafter only the
three protectorates remeinded under the High Commission.

HIGH COMMISSION FOR SOUTH EAST AFRICA

In the troubled years 1879 – 1881 – the period of the Zulu War, of the occupation
of the South African Republic, etc – there existed for some time a separate High
Commission for South East Africa, which covered :

– Natal and Zululand
– Transvaal (South African Republic)
– Griqualand West (since 1880)

High Commissioners

1879 – 1880   LtGen. Sir Garnet Joseph Wolseley              1833 – 1913
1880 – 1881   MajGen. Sir George Pomeroy Colley              1835 – 1881

After the death of Pommeroy Colley the separate High Commission ended and its area
was returned to the South African High Commission.
__________________________________________________________________________________

CHIEF ADMINISTRATORS

High Commissioners

(until 1878 : High Commissioners in South Africa, thereafter : High Commissioner
in and for South Africa)

1847 – 1901   The Governors of the Cape Colony
1901 – 1905   Andrew Milner, Viscount Milner, Governor
of the Transvaal and of the Orange River
Colony                                         1854 – 1925
1905 – 1910   William Waldegrave Palmer, Earl of Selborne,
Governor of Transvaal and Governor of the
Orange River Colony (until 1907)               1859 – 1942
1910 – 1931   The Governors General of South Africa          s.a.
1931 – 1933   Sir Herbert James Stanley                      1872 – 1955
1933          Edward Evans*
1933 – 1935   Sir Herbert James Stanley (2x)
1935 – 1940   Sir William Henry Clark                        1876 – 1952
1940 – 1941   Sir Walter Clarence Huggard*                   1883 – 1957
1941 – 1944   William George Arthur Ormsby-Gore, Baron
Harlech                                        1885 – 1964
1944          Harold Eddey Priestman*                        1888 – 1956
1944          Sir Walter Clarence Huggard (2x)
1944 – 1951   Sir Charles Evelyn Baring                      1903 – 1973

 

Towns and Cities of South Africa, Provinces included

  • Eastern Cape
    • Aberdeen
    • Addo
    • Adelaide
    • Alexandria
    • Alice
    • Balfour
    • Bathurst
    • Bedford
    • Berlin
    • Bhisho
    • Bizana
    • Braunschweig
    • Cathcart
    • Chintsa
    • Coffee Bay
    • Cookhouse
    • Cradock
    • Dohne
    • Dordrecht
    • East London(eMonti)
    • Elliot
    • Flagstaff
    • Fort Beaufort
    • Gcuwa
    • Gonubie
    • Graaff Reinet
    • Grahamstown
    • Haga-Haga
    • Hamburg
    • Hankey
    • Hertzog
    • Hogsback
    • Humansdorp
    • Idutywa
    • Jeffreys Bay
    • Joubertina
    • Kareedouw
    • Katberg
    • Kei Mouth
    • Keiskammahoek
    • Kentani
    • Kenton-on-Sea
    • Kidds Beach
    • King William’s Town
    • Kirkwood
    • Komga
    • Krakeelrivier
    • Libode
    • Lusikisiki
    • Mdantsane
    • Middelburg
    • Morgan’s Bay
    • Mount Fletcher
    • Mount Frere
    • Ngcobo
    • Nieu-Bethesda
    • Oyster Bay
    • Patensie
    • Peddie
    • Port Alfred
    • Port Elizabeth
    • Port St Johns
    • Qolora Mouth
    • Salem
    • Seymour
    • Somerset East
    • St Francis Bay
    • Steytlerville
    • Stutterheim
    • Sunland
    • Tarkastad
    • Tsolo
    • Uitenhage
    • Umtata
    • Whittlesea
    • Willowmore
    • Willowvale
  • Free State
    • Allanridge
    • Arlington
    • Bethlehem
    • Bethulie
    • Bloemfontein
    • Boshof
    • Bothaville
    • Botshabelo
    • Brandfort
    • Bultfontein
    • Clarens
    • Clocolan
    • Cornelia
    • Dealesville
    • Deneysville
    • Dewetsdorp
    • Edenburg
    • Edenville
    • Excelsior
    • Fauresmith
    • Ficksburg
    • Fouriesburg
    • Frankfort
    • Harrismith
    • Heilbron
    • Hennenman
    • Hertzogville
    • Hobhouse
    • Hoopstad
    • Itumeleng
    • Jacobsdal
    • Jagersfontein
    • Kestell
    • Kgotsong
    • Koffiefontein
    • Koppies
    • Kroonstad
    • Ladybrand
    • Lindley
    • Luckhoff
    • Makeleketla
    • Mangaung
    • Marquard
    • Memel
    • Odendaalsrus
    • Oranjeville
    • Parys
    • Paul Roux
    • Petrus Steyn
    • Petrusburg
    • Philippolis
    • Phuthaditjhaba
    • Reddersburg
    • Reitz
    • Rosendal
    • Rouxville
    • Sasolburg
    • Senekal
    • Smithfield
    • Springfontein
    • Steynsrus
    • Swinburne
    • Thaba Nchu
    • Theunissen
    • Trompsburg
    • Tweeling
    • Tweespruit
    • Van Reenen
    • Van Stadensrus
    • Ventersburg
    • Verkeerdevlei
    • Viljoenskroon
    • Villiers
    • Virginia
    • Vrede
    • Vredefort
    • Warden
    • Welkom
    • Wepener
    • Wesselsbron
    • Winburg
    • Winburg
    • Zastron
  • Gauteng
    • Alberton
    • Alexandra
    • Atteridgeville
    • Bekkersdal
    • Benoni
    • Boipatong
    • Boksburg
    • Bophelong
    • Brakpan
    • Bronberg
    • Bronkhorstspruit
    • Carletonville
    • Centurion
    • Cullinan
    • Daveyton
    • Devon
    • Duduza
    • Edenvale
    • Ekangala
    • Evaton
    • Germiston
    • Hammanskraal
    • Hammanskraal
    • Heidelberg
    • Impumelelo
    • Irene
    • Isando
    • Johannesburg
    • Kagiso
    • Katlehong
    • Kempton Park
    • Khutsong
    • Kromdraai
    • Krugersdorp
    • KwaThema
    • Lenasia
    • Magaliesburg
    • Mamelodi
    • Meyerton
    • Midrand
    • Mohlakeng
    • Muldersdrift
    • Nigel
    • Pretoria
    • Randburg
    • Randfontein
    • Ratanda
    • Refilwe
    • Reiger Park
    • Roodepoort
    • Sandton
    • Sebokeng
    • Sharpeville
    • Soshanguve
    • Soweto
    • Springs
    • Tembisa
    • Thokoza
    • Tsakane
    • Vanderbijlpark
    • Vereeniging
    • Vosloorus
    • Wattville
    • Westonaria
    • Zithobeni
  • History
  • KwaZulu-Natal
    • Amanzimtoti
    • Babanango
    • Balgowan
    • Ballito
    • Bergville
    • Boston
    • Bulwer
    • Byrne
    • Catoridge
    • Cedarville
    • Charlestown
    • Colenso
    • Dannhauser
    • Dargle
    • Doonside
    • Drummond
    • Dundee
    • Durban
    • ekuPhakameni
    • Elandslaagte
    • Empangeni
    • Eshowe
    • Estcourt
    • Franklin
    • Glencoe
    • Greytown
    • Harding
    • Hattingspruit
    • Hibberdene
    • Hillcrest
    • Hilton
    • Himeville
    • Hluhluwe
    • Howick
    • Ifafa Beach
    • Illovo Beach
    • Impendile
    • Inanda
    • Ingwavuma
    • Isipingo Beach
    • Ixopo
    • Karridene
    • Kingsburgh
    • Kloof
    • Kokstad
    • Kranskop
    • KwaDukuza – previously known as Stanger
    • KwaMashu
    • La Lucia
    • La Mercy
    • Ladysmith
    • Louwsburg
    • Madadeni
    • Mahlabatini
    • Mandini
    • Margate
    • Matatiele
    • Melmoth
    • Merrivale
    • Mkuze
    • Mooiriver
    • Mount Edgecombe
    • Mtubatuba
    • Mtunzini
    • Muden
    • New Germany
    • New Hanover
    • Newcastle
    • Nongoma
    • Nottingham Road
    • Palm Beach
    • Park Rynie
    • Paulpietersburg
    • Pennington
    • Pietermaritzburg
    • Pinetown
    • Pomeroy
    • Pongola
    • Port Edward
    • Port Shepstone
    • Queensburgh
    • Ramsgate
    • Richards Bay
    • Richmond
    • Salt Rock
    • Scottburgh
    • Sezela
    • Shelly Beach
    • Southbroom
    • St Lucia
    • St Michael’s-on-Sea
    • Swartberg
    • Tongaat
    • Ubombo
    • Ulundi
    • Umbogintwini
    • Umdloti
    • Umgababa
    • Umhlanga Rocks
    • Umkomaas
    • Umtentweni
    • Umzinto
    • Umzumbe
    • Underberg
    • Utrecht
    • Uvongo
    • Verulam
    • Vryheid
    • Warner Beach
    • Wartburg
    • Wasbank
    • Weenen
    • Westville
    • Widenham
    • Winkelspruit
    • Winterton
    • York
  • Limpopo
    • Alldays
    • Bandelierkop
    • Bela Bela (previously Warmbaths)
    • Bosbokrand
    • Duiwelskloof
    • Gravelotte
    • Haenertsburg
    • Hoedspruit
    • Klaserie
    • Lephalale (previously Ellisras)
    • Letsitele
    • Leydsdorp
    • Louis Trichardt
    • Modimolle (previously Nylstroom)
    • Mokopane (previously Potgietersrus)
    • Musina (previously Messina)
    • Naboomspruit
    • Ofcolaco
    • Phalaborwa
    • Polokwane (previously Pietersburg)
    • Thabazimbi
    • Thohoyandou
    • Tzaneen
    • Vaalwater
    • Vivo
  • Mpumalanga
    • Amersfoort
    • Badplaas
    • Balfour
    • Barberton
    • Belfast
    • Bethal
    • Breyten
    • Bushbuckridge
    • Carolina
    • Chrissiesmeer
    • Delmas
    • Dullstroom
    • Ermelo
    • Graskop
    • Greylingstad
    • Groblersdal
    • Hazyview
    • Hectorspruit
    • Kaapmuiden
    • Kinross
    • Komatipoort
    • KwaMhlanga
    • Loopspruit
    • Lydenburg
    • Machadodorp
    • Malelane
    • Marble Hall
    • Middelburg
    • Morgenzon
    • Nelspruit
    • Ohrigstad
    • Perdekop
    • Piet Retief
    • Pilgrim’s Rest
    • Sabie
    • Secunda
    • Siyabuswa
    • Skukuza
    • Standerton
    • Trichardt
    • Vaalbank
    • Volksrust
    • Wakkerstroom
    • Waterval Boven
    • Waterval Onder
    • White River
    • Witbank
  • North West
    • Amalia
    • Babelegi
    • Beestekraal
    • Bloemhof
    • Bray
    • Brits
    • Broederstroom
    • Christiana
    • Coligny
    • Delareyville
    • Derby
    • Fochville
    • Ga-Rankuwa
    • Ganyesa
    • Ganyesa
    • Groot Marico
    • Haartebeesfontien
    • Hartbeesfontein
    • Hartbeespoort
    • Hekpoort
    • Jericho
    • Klerksdorp
    • Koster
    • Kroondal
    • Leeudoringstad
    • Lehurutshe
    • Lichtenburg
    • Maanhaarrand
    • Mabopane
    • Mafikeng
    • Magaliesburg
    • Makwassie
    • Mareetsane
    • Mareetsane
    • Marikana
    • Mmabatho
    • Mogwase
    • Mooinooi
    • Mothibastad
    • Orkney
    • Ottosdal
    • Ottoshoop
    • Pampierstad
    • Potchefstroom
    • Ramokoka
    • Reivilo
    • Rustenburg
    • Sannieshof
    • Schweizer-Reneke
    • Setlagole
    • Skeerpoort
    • Stella
    • Stilfontein
    • Swartruggens
    • Taung
    • Tlhabane
    • Tosca
    • Ventersdorp
    • Vryburg
    • Wolmaransstad
    • Zeerust
  • Northern Cape
    • Aggeneys
    • Alexander Bay
    • Andriesvale
    • Askham
    • Barkly West
    • Beeshoek
    • Brandvlei
    • Britstown
    • Carnarvon
    • Carolusberg
    • Colesburg
    • Concordia
    • Copperton
    • Danielskuil
    • De Aar
    • Dibeng
    • Douglas
    • Fraserburg
    • Garies
    • Griquatown
    • Groblershoop
    • Hanover
    • Hartswater
    • Hondeklip
    • Hopetown
    • Hotazel
    • Hutchinson
    • Jan Kempdorp
    • Kakamas
    • Kamieskroon
    • Kanoneiland
    • Kathu
    • Keimoes
    • Kimberley
    • Kleinzee
    • Kuruman
    • Loeriesfontein
    • Loxton
    • Marydale
    • Modder River
    • Nababeep
    • Nieuwoudtville
    • Norvalspont
    • Noupoort
    • Okiep
    • Olifantshoek
    • Onseepkans
    • Orania
    • Pella
    • Petrusville
    • Philipstown
    • Pofadder
    • Port Nolloth
    • Postmasburg
    • Prieska
    • Richmond
    • Soebatsfontein
    • Springbok
    • Steinkopf
    • Strydenburg
    • Sutherland
    • Three Sisters
    • Upington
    • Van Wyksvlei
    • Van Zylsrus
    • Vanderkloof
    • Victoria West
    • Vosburg
    • Warrenton
    • Williston
    • Windsorton
  • Western Cape
    • Zonnebloem
    • Albertinia
    • Amalienstein
    • Arniston
    • Ashton
    • Aurora
    • Baardskeerdersbos
    • Bantry Bay
    • Barrydale
    • Beaufort West
    • Bellville
    • Bergvliet
    • Betty’s Bay
    • Bishopscourt
    • Bitterfontein
    • Bloubergstrand
    • Bo-Kaap
    • Bonnievale
    • Bot River
    • Bredasdorp
    • Buffelsjagbaai
    • Caledon
    • Calitzdorp
    • Calvinia
    • Campbell
    • Campbell
    • Camps Bay
    • Cape Town
    • Capri Village
    • Ceres
    • Citrusdal
    • Clanwilliam
    • Claremont
    • Clifton
    • Clovelly
    • Constantia
    • Darling
    • De Doorns
    • De Kelders
    • De Rust
    • De Waterkant
    • Delportshoop
    • Delportshoop
    • Devil’s Peak
    • Doringbaai
    • Durbanville
    • Dysselsdorp
    • Edgemead
    • Eendekuil
    • Elandsbaai
    • Elgin
    • Elim
    • Elsie’s River
    • Facreton
    • Fish Hoek
    • Franschhoek
    • Franskraal
    • Fresnaye
    • Gansbaai
    • Gardens
    • Genadendal
    • George
    • Glencairn
    • Goodwood
    • Gordon’s Bay
    • Gouda
    • Graafwater
    • Grabouw
    • Great Brak River
    • Green Point
    • Greyton
    • Haarlem
    • Hangklip
    • Hartenbos
    • Heidelberg
    • Hermanus
    • Hopefield
    • Hout Bay
    • Kalk Bay
    • Kenilworth
    • Kensington
    • Klaarstroom
    • Klawer
    • Kleinbaai
    • Kleinmond
    • Knysna
    • Kommetjie
    • L’Agulhas
    • Ladismith
    • Laingsburg
    • Lamberts Bay
    • Langebaan
    • Leeu-Gamka
    • Leipoldtville
    • Little Brak River
    • Llandudno
    • Maitland
    • Malgas
    • Malmesbury
    • Masiphumelele
    • Matjiesfontein
    • McGregor
    • Merweville
    • Milnerton
    • Montagu
    • Monte Vista
    • Moorreesburg
    • Mossel Bay
    • Mouille Point
    • Mowbray
    • Muizenberg
    • Murraysburg
    • Napier
    • Nature’s Valley
    • Nelspoort
    • Newlands
    • Noordhoek
    • Nuwerus
    • Observatory
    • Ocean View
    • Oranjezicht
    • Oudtshoorn
    • Paarl
    • Panorama
    • Papendorp
    • Parow
    • Paternoster
    • Pearly Beach
    • Piketberg
    • Pinelands
    • Plettenberg Bay
    • Plumstead
    • Porterville
    • Prince Albert
    • Prince Alfred’s Hamlet
    • Pringle Bay
    • Rawsonville
    • Redelinghuys
    • Retreat
    • Riebeek West
    • Riebeek-Kasteel
    • Rietpoort
    • Riversdale
    • Riviersonderend
    • Robertson
    • Rondebosch
    • Rooiels
    • Saldanha
    • Saron
    • Scarborough
    • Schotsche Kloof
    • Sea Point
    • Sedgefield
    • Simon’s Town
    • Somerset West
    • St Helena Bay
    • St James
    • Stanford
    • Stellenbosch
    • Stilbaai
    • Strand
    • Strandfontein
    • Struisbaai
    • Sun Valley
    • Sunnydale
    • Suurbraak
    • Swellendam
    • Table View
    • Tableview
    • Tamboerskloof
    • Thornton
    • Three Anchor Bay
    • Touwsrivier
    • Trawal
    • Tulbagh
    • Uniondale
    • Vanrhynsdorp
    • Vanwyksdorp
    • Velddrif
    • Victoria Bay
    • Villiersdorp
    • Vredehoek
    • Vredenburg
    • Vredendal
    • Waenhuiskrans
    • Walmer Estate
    • Welgemoed
    • Wellington
    • West Beach
    • Wilderness
    • Witsand
    • Witsand
    • Wolseley
    • Worcester
    • Wupperthal
    • Yzerfontein
  • South Africa History Timeline

 

Genocide against white people or boere in South Africa

Tonight I was reading a article at I luv SA and found a piece about genocide, exactly what is happening in South Africa at the moment:

The term “genocide” was coined by Raphael Lemkin, a Polish-Jewish legal scholar, in 1943.

Tonight I was reading a article at I luv SA and found a piece about genocide, exactly what is happening in South Africa at the moment:

The term “genocide” was coined by Raphael Lemkin, a Polish-Jewish legal scholar, in 1943. Defining genocide in 1943, Lemkin wrote:

Generally speaking, genocide does not necessarily mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation.

It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves.

The objectives of such a plan would be the disintegration of the political and social institutions, of culture, language, national feelings, religion, and the economic existence of national groups, and the destruction of the personal security, liberty, health, dignity, and even the lives of the individuals belonging to such groups.

Most Do follow is No follow on Do follow blogs.

What I mean with the title is that after WordPress 2.3.2 most Do follow plugins on WordPress have stopped working. That means if you advertise that your blog follows comments and someone sees in fact that they are not they might get a bad impression from your blog. How exactly and what exactly happens when you upgrade I have no idea but the fact is you should double check if you have a do follow blog. I installed some plugins on Firefox that shows where no follow is and I was really surprised to see on most Dofollow blogs actually have nofollow.

No traffic is useless traffic

 

 

 

 

 

Sometimes while reading blogs I find people saying that certain traffic is useless. For instance I have read many people saying entrecard and stumbleupon traffic is useless. Also people sometimes claim that traffic from digg.com is useless. I used to agree until I actually learned that no traffic is useless. Its what you make of the traffic that you have that counts.

 

What is useful traffic?

Any traffic

What is useless traffic?

Actually I dont know, according to me its what you make of the traffic that you get that depends if you see it as useless traffic. But I see a lot of people blogging about it. So I will try and give my reasons why I believe no traffic is useless.

Visits = rank

Many places where you can register, like blogging services etc determines your rank by how many hits your site gets, therefore every visitor your site gets pushes your rank up on that certain blogging service. A example of this is: When I was a member of Amatomu ( a south african blogger site) which uses every visit to your site to determine how you rank, I used traffic from entrecard to push me into the top 100. And when you get in the top 100 your site gets more traffic and subscribers. Because entrecard pushed up my rank I got more visitors from Amatomu and since I got more visitors from Amatomu I got more stumbles which in turn gave me more traffic and so it went till I got kicked from Amatomu for having to many blogs. Not only did then Amatomu and Entrecard help me there but that pushed up my Alexa rating which gave me more advertisers and even more traffic. So we see how we can use blog traffic and even big bounce rates to increase the value of your blog by using one thing to gain at another

Alexa

Every visitor you get that uses Alexa toolbar pushes your Alexa rating up a bit more thus resulting in a lower Alexa rank which could make you more money from advertisers since people still use Alexa to determine if they would like to advertise on your site. I have seen a lot of people say that installing the alexa widget on your site will also help your rating with Alexa but to be honest I dont know if that makes a difference, Maybe someone can share in the comments if it really does work. But I do know any traffic with Alexa toolbar is traffic worth getting.

Stumbleupon

I dont believe any stumbleupon traffic is useless, as I said its what you make of it. I actually like stumbleupon traffic more than Google traffic. Even though Google traffic brings clicks to ads. Stumbleupon people are those that already know how the web works and you dont need to beg them to subscribe or comment because if your content is good enough they will join your rss feed and subscribe. They will also comment. Many people say stumble users dont subscribe but I have gained many subscribers that liked something I have blogged about. Stumbleupon users most likely also have the Alexa toolbar or Firefox plugins installed since most of them have their own blogs as well. That is great because as I said earlier it pushes up your Alexa rating (or actually down which is how Alexa works). If they like your site they will also bookmark it on sites like Reddit or Digg since most people are loyal users on other communities apart from stumbleupon, they would want to submit great content to those sites that have not been found by other users on those certain sites. So having a Digg, Reddit or Sphinn button will also increase the chances of turning Stumbleupon traffic into even greater traffic than it already is.

Trust me, no traffic is useless. People browsing your site is not useless traffic but that is why we blog for people to read it and to have a impact on them.

Another thing about Stumbleupon is when someone reviews your site and for everyone else that reviews your site you get a link back from their profile page to your blog.

Technorati

Adding a small technorati "add me" button will help you. You might not think it would but people do click it. Even those stumblers that’s on a rush to get to the next site. If they enjoyed your post they will click it.

Pay per impression

There are advertisers that pay per impression. Now that does not sound to bad does it. For every single visitor to your site you get paid a small amount. Although the pay per impression affiliate companies are not everywhere, in fact I dont have one at the moment that I use but there are lots of people using these and the do work for certain blogs.

Audio ads

If you want to kill your blog use Audio ads. But if you have a blog that gets traffic where readers are not important as passers by then by all means go for it. I dont know who would have such a blog where you dont really need the readers but have the traffic but I would advise you to use audio ads only at cases where you have no other options. The point is that you can make money from any traffic using these kind of ads.

Get them hooked

Another way to go by is to type the best content on the internet and get them hooked on your blog. This is everyone’s goal but do you really do your readers justice by writing a paragraph a day? To get your readers hooked you need outstanding content which is getting harder now days because everyone has a blog and produces great content. So to get people hooked on your blog you can use "series" of posts. You just better make sure that part 1 is very good. There are probably more ways to get people hooked on your content but this is just the one I can think of now.

Comments

No matter what traffic you call useless, most of the time someone will stop and comment on your blog, then its always good to have the " notify me of future comments" . When people comment they usually want to know what they guy after them says, maybe he tells the guy how wrong his comment is. And people know that. So whenever they leave a comment and that option is there, most people take it. Displaying recent comments or top commentators will encourage people to comment even more when they quickly pass by your site. Why is this? Because the top commentator plugin and the recent comments plugin both contain their Blog or website’s url. Not just that but there is something about these two plugins that I will share in a later post that will make you smile. So dont forget to subscribe.

Competition

People want to win, whether its a link or another prize, they want to win. Lets say you have entrecard on your site, why not write directly under that, that you have a competition. People known as chain droppers wont all pass by. Entrecarders love competitions as I have come to know. Attracting so called "useless" traffic with competitions will not only increase your comments and readers but it will also increase your backlinks if that is part of your competition resulting in even more traffic. So it might not be "useless" after all.

Link bait

We all know what link bait is. But having linkbait on that certain page you see people enter your site will also increase the chances of them going further into your site instead bouncing.

Design

I have stumbled through many sites and sometimes it’s nothing but the brilliant design of a site that makes me look further. I mean I dont even see the content. I just see theme. I might be a sucker for site designs but if I go further into a site because of the design and layout I bet you there must be more people that will check out a site and not just bounce because of how the site looks. Having a great theme or design will increase your chances of turning that bounce rate into history.

Email and Rss subscribe

The more visible these buttons are for those who only come to your site for one article or a stumble the greater your chances are of getting some subscribers. Once again I would use myself as a example. If I stumble and I read a great article I usually join the rss feed for more great content

Where they came from

Even if there is a high bounce rate you can still see where the users came from. That is a indication that the content you have might be of interest and if you keep on in that direction you can even increase your traffic more by analyzing where users come from.
Where they are going to

Using mybloglog and similar places or tools you can see where users went from your site, what they clicked on. That is a indication of their interest. Knowing the interest of your readers gives you the opportunity to write better content.

People, mybloglog, blogcatalog

Having a bunch of faces on your site might be annoying to regular users but for someone who just bounce your site that might get their attention. As I wrote here on a short post

Tell a secret

Saying something like "10 secrets to more traffic" is always a good idea and placing it where you know the bouncers would see it would also decrease your bounce rate. I guess this is the same as link bait.

Give something away

Offering free wordpress themes around the places people usually bounce from for instance getting Entrecard chain droppers to go further into your site you can put links under your card that says something like "theme of the day" which will attract people to click on it. It works for me. Whenever I visit a site and I seem to be stumbling through or when I used to chain drop while checking out how things work on Entrecard and I see something like that I would click. Free stuff attracts people and especially free wordpress themes. I dont need themes, I cant even design wordpress themes but I still like browsing through them.

Sooo. I hope you found "No traffic is useless traffic" useful and interesting. Please subscribe or be so friendly and Digg or stumble this post.

Leave some comments and tell me if I missed something.