More than 200 pesticides and insecticides were found on a farms in Limpopo, some of those are banned in South Africa.
Bellow is a statement by the DA
In reply to a written question to the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries whether her Department has a programme to collect undesirable insecticides and pesticides from farms, Minister Tina Joemat-Petterson acknowledged that her department did not have such a programme, but she said the Department of Water and Environmental Affairs was running such a programme under the banner of Africa Stockpile Programme (ASP). However, according to statistics supplied by the Minister it is clear that the ASP can hardly be described as a successful operation.
Firstly, the programme was only operational in Limpopo and not in any of the other provinces. Secondly, the programme is not currently in operation and appears to have ended in the 2007/8 financial year.
Judging by the figures which were supplied for the one year in which the programme was operational (2007/8, in respect of Limpopo) one must deduce that large quantities of hazardous insecticides and pesticides are still kept on farms throughout the country. In 2007/8 a total of 45 705 litres and 78 670 kilograms of pesticides and undesirable chemicals was collected and removed from farms in Limpopo alone, representing more than 200 different commercial names. (The full reply, including the names of undesirable products and banned and restricted substances, follows below).
The Minister indicated that this programme would also be rolled out to other provinces “in the near future” and that all undesirable insecticides and pesticides “will be removed once all the logistical and legal processes have been sorted”.
We call on the Minister of Agriculture to ensure, together with the Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs, that the programme be speeded up and rolled out in all provinces as a matter of urgency and to give the absolute assurance that all substances will be disposed of in a controlled, safe and environment-friendly way.
Hopefully none of these undesirable substances are being used on farms any longer, but their continued storage, and possible self-disposal, in uncontrolled circumstances pose a serious health risk to all farm dwellers.
We will engage the Department further in the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries once Parliament reconvenes in 2010 to ensure that an effective programme is put in place.
DATE OF PUBLICATION: FRIDAY 06 NOVEMBER 2009 [IQP No 26 -2009]
FIRST SESSION, FOURTH PARLIAMENT
Question 2161 for Written Reply, National Assembly: Mr Mr P J C Pretorius (DA) to ask the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
(1) Whether her department has a programme to collect undesirable insecticides and pesticides from farms; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant details;
(2) (a) What quantities of (i) insecticides and (ii) pesticides were removed in the (aa) 2007-08 and (bb) 2008-09 financial years,
(b) What are the commercial names of (i) insecticides and (ii) pesticides that were declared undesirable and
(c) When will all of these insecticides and pesticides be removed?
1. No, the Department does not have such a programme. However, the Department of Water and Environmental Affairs is running such a programme to address the issues raised in this question under the banner of Africa Stockpile Programme (ASP). In terms of the Departmental definition of undesirable pesticides the following, amongst others, are included: expired products, officially banned products, products voluntarily withdrawn by industry due to their hazardous nature, unregistered products in terms of Act 36 of 1947, products not accepted by the market due to trade restrictions and substandard products.
2(a) There were 45 705 Litres and 78 670 Kilograms of pesticide collected through the ASP in the Limpopo Province during the 2007/8 financial year. These quantities include other unknown pesticides / chemicals. The programme was not implemented in 2008/9. (The plan is for the programme to be rolled out to other provinces in the near future).
(b) Below are the tables of the pesticides collected from the farms, including banned and withdrawn pesticides.
TRADE NAME OF PRODUCTS COLLECTED FROM FARMERS
1.DISYSTON 2.CARBONATES 3.HERBICIDES 4.FERTILISERS
AWARE, ALSYSTON, + OTHER
BIO TERRA, SOYGRO, POTATOFLO, MAXIFLO
BRAVO, RELAY, WENNER
BRAVO, SCORE, BENOMYL
CITRIMIX FOLIAR FEED
COPPER AMMONIUM ACETATE
COPPER FLO COPPER CUINT
COUNTER, BONUS, FRUMIN
CURACRON,ULTRACIDE, AFUGAN, MERCAPTOTHION,CHLORPYRIFOS
CURATERR, LANNATE, CARBARYL, FURADAN
CYANOGAS FLAKES, SODIUM ARSENATE
DEMETON, AFUGAN, DIMETHOATE, SELECRON, GIBBERILLIC ACID
DIELDRIN, DDT + OTHERS
DUAL, BUTISAN, GOAL, TRIFLURALIN
EDB + CHLOROPICRIN
FENITROTHION, AVIMEC, TETRADIFON
GAURDIAN, HARNESS, LASSO
GRAMOXONE + OTHER
GROWMIN GERMINATION MIXTURE
HIGHLY CONTAMINATED MIXTURE OF MICROBIALS
LANNATE + OTHER CARBAMJATES
LANNATE, SEVIN, BAYCON
LIME SULFUR, DITHANE
MALATHION, TRICLORFON, PARATHION
MARSHALL, MESUROL, OXAMYL, VYDATE, LANNATE
MESUROL + OTHER CARBAMATES
METHAMIDOPHOS, PARATHION, DIMETHOATE
METHAMIDOPHOS, PARATHION, DIMETHOATE
MEVINPHOS, DEMETON-S-METHYL, MONOCROTOPHOS
MINERAL OILS+WETTEING AGENTS
MONOCROTOPHOS, ROGOR, TEMEPHOS
NEMACUR, PARATHION METHYL, MALASOL
O-METHOATE, FOUMAT, FRUMIN
PARATHION, ROGOR, COTTON DEFOLIANT
PERACETIC ACID, PHOSPHORIC ACID
PLAMAVIN, BUTISAN, XANBAC, VISOR, PAARLAN
ROGOR, MEVINPHOS, O-METHOATE
ROGOR, PARATHIN, PROFENOFOS
ROGOR, RUGBY, MEVINPHOS
SEDRESAN, COOPERS, CYANOGAS, BITUMEN ASBESTOS
TERBO, BUCTRIL, SIMIAZINE, FOMESAFEN (FLEX)
TREFLAN, NIMROD, VERNAM, GRAMOXON
USTILAN, ATRAZINE, LINURON, BASAGRAN
Banned and Restricted Substances in the republic if South Africa
Aldrin (HHDN Withdrawn in 1992
Arsenic All uses of any inorganic arsenic containing compound on plant material (except on citrus) were banned in 1983. In 1983 it was also totally prohibited as a stock remedy.
Atrazine Withdrawn from use on heavy clay soils (Springbok Flats) in 1977. The industrial use withdrawn on 31 March 1995.
Azinphos-ethyl Withdrawn as an agricultural remedy in 1997.
BHC (mixture of variousisomers). Banned in 1983.
Binapacryl All registrations expired in 1988.
Camphechlor (CLC). Withdrawn as an agricultural remedy in 1970 and as a stock remedy in 1985.
Chlordane. In 1993 use restricted to stem treatment of citrus and vineyards and the treatment of structures by pest control operators. Withdrawn as an agricultural remedy in 2000. Chlordane. Banned in 2005.
Chlordimeform. Withdrawn as an agricultural remedy in 1978.
Chlorobenzilate. Withdrawn as an agricultural remedy in 1978.
2,4-D (dimethylamine salt). In 1991 aerial application in Natal was banned and it has been totally prohibited in parts of the magisterial districts of Camperdown, Pietermaritzburg and Richmond.
2,4-D esters. In 1980 it was withdrawn from all agricultural uses in the Western Cape and prohibited in 1991 in Natal.
2,4-DB (sodium salt). In 1991 aerial application in Natal was banned and it has been totally prohibited in parts of the magisterial districts of Camperdown, Pietermaritzburg and Richmond.
Dicamba. In 1991 aerial application in Natal was banned and it has been totally prohibited in parts of the magisterial districts of Camperdown, Pietermaritzburg and Richmond.
DDT. Banned in 1983 except for the control of malaria by the Government.
Dibromochloropropane. Withdrawn in 1984.
Dieldrin. Banned in 1983.
Dinoseb. All registrations as an agricultural remedy expired in March 1995.
DNOC – Withdrawn as an agricultural remedy in 2001.
Endosulfan. Registration on fodder crops was suspended in 1970.
Endrin (Nendrin). Withdrawn in 1980.
Gamma-BHC (lindane). All stock remedy registrations were withdrawn in 1971.
Heptachlor. Registration was withdrawn in 1976.
Kepone. In 1971 a decision was taken not to allow this product in South Africa.
Leptophos. Registration was suspended in 1980.
MCPA (dimethylamine salt). In 1991 aerial application in Natal was banned and it has been totally prohibited in parts of the magisterial districts of Camperdown, Pietermaritzburg and Richmond.
MCPA (potassium salt). In 1991 aerial application in Natal was banned.
MCPB (sodium salt). In 1991 aerial application in Natal was banned.
Mercury compounds. It was withdrawn from all agricultural uses in 1974. In 1983 the use of all mercury compounds on seed, bulbs, tubers, stems or any other plant material was banned.
Methyl bromide. All small packages (680 g) were withdrawn in December 1995.
Monocrotophos.The use as leaf application on citrus, cutworm control in carrots and use on tomatoes were withdrawn in 1997. On 25 February 2005 all products containing monocrotophos approved by the Registrar was banned.
Monocrotophos. Banned in 2005.
Nicotine. It was withdrawn from use as a stock remedy in 1971.
Parathion. Only certain uses allowed from June 1993.
Phosphorus containing formulations. In 1979 all formulations containing phosphorus were withdrawn.
Propham. Withdrawn as an agricultural remedy in 1997.
2,4,5-T. All registrations expired in 1989.
Triclopyr. In 1991 aerial application in Natal was banned.
TDE. Withdrawn as an agricultural remedy in 1970.
(c) They will be removed once all the logistical and legal processes have been sorted.